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The Third Book of Moses

also called Leviticus from the Latin

 

Chapters 1-8 | 9-15 | 16-22 | 23-27 | Next Book


 

The 23rd Chapter

     And the Lord spake unto Moses saying: speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them: These are the feasts of the Lord which ye shall call holy feasts. Six days ye shall work, and the seventh is the Sabbath of rest an holy feast: so that ye may do no work therein, for it is the Sabbath of the Lord, wheresoever ye dwell. These are the feasts of the Lord which ye shall proclaim holy in their seasons. The fourteenth day of the first month at evening is the Lords Passover. And the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of sweet bread unto the Lord, seven days ye must eat unleavened bread. The first day shall be an holy feast unto you, so that ye may do no laborious work therein. But ye shall offer sacrifices unto the Lord seven days, and the seventh day also shall be an holy feast, so that ye may do no laborious work therein.
      And the Lord spake unto Moses saying: speak unto the children of Israel and say unto them: when ye be come into the land which I give unto you and reap down your harvest, ye shall bring a sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest unto the priest, and he shall wave the sheaf before the Lord to be accepted for you: and even the morrow after the Sabbath the Priest shall wave it. And ye shall offer the day when he waveth the sheaf, a lamb without blemish of a year old for a burntoffering unto the Lord: and the meatoffering thereof, two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil to be a sacrifice unto the Lord of a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereto, the fourth deal of an hin of wine. And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor *frumenty of new corn: until the self same day that ye have brought an offering unto your God. And this shall be a law for ever unto your children after you, wheresoever ye dwell.
      And ye shall count from the morrow after the Sabbath: even from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the waveoffering, seven weeks complete: even unto the morrow after the seventh week ye shall number fifty days. And then ye shall bring a new meatoffering unto the Lord. And ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves made of two tenth deals of fine flour leavened and baked, for first fruits unto the Lord. And ye shall bring with the bread seven lambs without deformity of one year of age, and one young ox, and two rams, which shall serve for burntofferings unto the Lord, with meatofferings and drink offerings longing to the same, to be a sacrifice of a sweet savour unto the Lord.
      And ye shall offer an he goat for a sinoffering: and two lambs of one year old for peaceofferings. And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the first fruits before the Lord, and with the two lambs. And they shall be holy unto the Lord, and be the priests. And ye shall make a proclamation the same day that it be an holy feast unto you, and ye shall do no laborious work therein. And it shall be a law for ever throughout all your habitations unto your children after you.
      When ye reap down your harvest, thou shalt not make clean riddance of thy field, neither shalt thou make any aftergathering of thy harvest: but shalt leave them unto the poor and the stranger. I am the Lord your God.
      And the Lord spake unto Moses saying: speak unto the children of Israel and say: The first day of the seventh month shall be a rest of remembrance unto you, to blow horns in an holy feast it shall be, and ye shall do no laborious work therein, and ye shall offer sacrifice unto the Lord.
      And the Lord spake unto Moses saying: also the tenth day of the self seventh month, is a day of atonement, and shall be on holy feast unto you, and ye shall humble your souls and offer sacrifice unto the Lord. Moreover ye shall do no work that same day, for it is a day of atonement to make an atonement for you before the Lord your God. For whatsoever soul it be that humbleth not himself that day, he shall be destroyed from among his people. And whatsoever soul do any manner work that day, the same I will destroy from among his people. See that ye do no manner work therefore. And it shall be a law for ever unto your generations after you in all your dwellings. A Sabbath of rest it shall be unto you, and ye shall humble your souls. The ninth day of the month at evening and so forth from evening to evening again, ye shall keep your Sabbath.
      And the Lord spake unto Moses saying: speak unto the children of Israel and say: the fifteenth day of the same seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles seven days unto the Lord. The first day shall be an holy feast, so that ye shall do no laborious work therein. Seven days ye shall offer sacrifice unto the Lord, and the eighth day shall be an holy feast unto you, and ye shall offer sacrifice unto the Lord. It is the end of the feast, and ye shall do no laborious work therein.
      These are the feasts of the Lord which ye shall proclaim holy feasts, for to offer sacrifice unto the Lord, burntofferings, meatofferings, and drinkofferings every day: beside the sabbaths of the Lord, and beside your gifts, and all your vows, and all your freewill offerings which ye shall give unto the Lord.
      Moreover in the fifteenth day of the seventh month after that ye have gathered in the fruits of the land, ye shall keep holy day unto the Lord seven days long. The first day shall be a day of rest, and the eighth day shall be a day of rest. And ye shall take you the first day, the fruits of goodly trees and the branches of palm trees and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook, and shall rejoice before the Lord seven days. And ye shall keep it holy day unto the Lord seven days in the year. And it shall be a law for ever unto your children after you, that ye keep that feast in the seventh month. And ye shall dwell in booths seven days: even all that are Israelites born, shall dwell in booths, that your children after you may know how that I made the children of Israel dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: for I am the Lord your God. And Moses told all the feasts of the Lord unto the children of Israel.


*frumenty; boiled in milk with sugar and spices

 

 

 

The 24th Chapter

      And the Lord spake unto Moses saying: command the children of Israel that they bring unto thee, pure oil olive beaten for lights to pour into the lamps always, without the veil of witness within the tabernacle of witness. And Aaron shall dress them both evening and morning before the Lord always. And if shall be a law for ever among your children after you. And he shall dress the lamps upon the pure candlestick before the Lord perpetually.
      And thou shalt take fine flour and bake twelve wastels thereof, two tenth deals shall every wastel be. And make two rows of them, six on a row upon the pure table before the Lord, and put pure frankincense upon the rows. And it shall be bread of remembrance, and an offering to the Lord. Every Sabbath he shall put them in rows before the Lord evermore, given of the children of Israel, that it be an everlasting covenant. And they shall be Aarons and his sons, and they shall eat them in the holy place. For they are most holy unto him of the offerings of the Lord, and shall be a duty for ever.
      And the son of an Israelitish wife whose father was an Egyptian, went out among the children of Israel. And this son of the Israelitish wife and a man of Israel, strove together in the host. And the Israelitish womans son blasphemed the name and cursed, and they brought him unto Moses. And his mothers name was Salomith, the daughter of Dibri of the tribe of Dan: and they put him in ward, that Moses should declare unto them what the Lord said thereto. And the Lord spake unto Moses saying, bring him that blasphemed without the host, and let all that heard him, put their hands upon his head, and let all the multitude stone him. And speak unto the children of Israel saying: Whosoever curseth his God, shall bear his sin: And he that blasphemeth the name of the Lord, shall die for it: all the multitude shall stone him to death. And the stranger as well as the Israelite if he curse the name, shall die for it.
      He that killeth any man, shall die for it, but he that killeth a beast shall pay for it, beast for beast. If a man maim his neighbor, as he hath done, so shall it be done to him again: *broke for broke, eye for eye and tooth for tooth: even as he hath maimed a man, so shall he be maimed again. So now he that killeth a beast, shall pay for it: but he that killeth a man, shall die for it. Ye shall have one manner of law among you: even for the stranger as well as for one of your selves, for I am the Lord your God.
       And Moses told the children of Israel, that they should bring him that had cursed, out of the host, and stone him with stones. And the children of Israel did as the Lord commanded Moses.

 

* broke might be broken skin for broken skin or bone for bone

 

 

 

The 25th Chapter

     And the Lord spake unto Moses in mount Sinai saying, speak unto the children of Israel and say unto them. When ye be come in to the land which I give you, let the land rest a Sabbath unto the Lord. Six years thou shalt sow thy field, and six years thou shalt cut thy vines and gather in thy fruits. But the seventh year shall be a Sabbath of rest unto the land. The Lords Sabbath it shall be, and thou shalt neither sow thy field, nor cut thy vines.
      The corn that groweth by itself thou shalt not reap, neither gather the grapes that grow without thy dressing: but it shall be a Sabbath of rest unto the land. Nevertheless the Sabbath of the land shall be meat for you: even for thee and thy servant and for thy maid and for thy hired servant and for the stranger that dwelleth with thee: and for thy cattle and for the beasts that are in thy land, shall all the increase thereof be meat. Then number seven weeks of years, that is, seven times seven years: and the space of the seven weeks of years will be unto thee forty nine years. And then thou shalt make an horn blow: even in the tenth day of the seventh month, which is the day of atonement. And then shall ye make the horn blow, even throughout all your land. And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout the land unto all the inhabiters thereof. It shall be a year of jubilee unto you and ye shall return: every man unto his possession and every man unto his kindred again. A year of jubilee shall that fiftieth year be unto you. Ye shall not sow neither reap the corn that groweth by itself, nor gather the grapes that grow without thy labor. For it is a year of jubilee and shall be holy unto you: how be it, yet ye shall eat of the increase of the field. And in this year of jubilee ye shall return, every man unto his possession again.
      When thou sellest ought unto thy neighbor or buyest of thy neighbors hand, ye shall not oppress one another: but according to the number of years after the jubilee year, thou shalt buy of thy neighbor, and according unto the number of fruit years, he shall sell unto thee. According unto the multitude of years, thou shalt increase the price thereof and according to the fewness of years, thou shalt minish the price: for the number of fruit he shall sell unto thee. And see that no man oppress his neighbor, but fear thy God. For I am the Lord your God. Wherefore do after mine ordinances and keep my laws and do them, that ye may dwell in the land in safety. And the land shall give her fruit, and ye shall eat your fill and dwell therein in safety.
      If ye shall say, what shall we eat the seventh year inasmuch as we shall not sow nor gather in our increase. I will send my blessing upon you in the sixth year, and it shall bring forth fruit for three years: and ye shall sow the eighth year and eat of old fruit until the ninth year, and even until her fruits come, ye shall eat of old store. Wherefore the land shall not be sold for ever, because that the land is mine, and ye but strangers and sojourners with me: and ye shall throughout all the land of your possession, let the land go home free again.
      When thy brother is waxed poor and hath sold away of his possession: if any of his kin come to redeem it, he shall buy out that which his brother sold. And though he have no man to redeem it for him, yet if his hand can get sufficient to buy it out again, then let him count how long it hath been sold, and deliver the rest unto him to whom he sold it, and so he shall return unto his possession again. But and if his hand cannot get sufficient to restore it to him again, then that which is sold shall remain in the hand of him that hath bought it, until the jubilee: and in the year of Jubilee it shall come out, and he shall return unto his possession again.
      If a man sell a dwelling house in a walled city, he may buy it out again any time within a whole year after it is sold: and that shall be the space in which he may redeem it again. But and if it be not bought out again within the space of a full year, then the house in the walled city shall be stablished for ever unto him that bought it and to his successors after him and shall not go out in the year of jubilee. But the houses in villages which have no walls round about them, shall be counted like unto the fields of the country, and may be bought out again at any season, and shall go out free in the year of jubilee.
      Notwithstanding the cities of the Levites and the houses in the cities of their possessions the Levites may redeem at all seasons. And if a man purchase ought of the Levites: whether it be house or city that they possess, the bargain shall go out in the year of jubilee for the houses of the cities of the Levites, are their possessions among the children of Israel. But the fields that lie round about their cities, shall not be bought: for they are their possessions for ever. If thy brother be waxed poor and fallen in decay with thee, receive him as a stranger or a sojourner, and let him live by thee. And thou shalt take none *usury of him, nor yet vantage. But shalt fear thy God, that thy brother may live with thee. Thou shalt not lend him thy money upon *usury, nor lend him of thy food to have advantage by it: for I am the Lord your God which brought you out of the land of Egypt, to give you the land of Canaan and to be your God.
       If thy brother that dwelleth by thee wax poor and sell himself unto thee, thou shalt not let him labor as a bondservant doth: but as an hired servant and as a sojourner he shall be with thee, and shall serve thee unto the year of jubilee, and then shall he depart from thee: both he and his children with him, and shall return unto his own kindred again and unto the possessions of his fathers: for they are my servants which I brought out of the land of Egypt, and shall not be sold as bondmen. See therefore that thou reign not over him cruelly, but fear thy God. If thou wilt have bondservants and maidens, thou shalt buy them of the heathen that are round about you, and of the children of the strangers that are sojourners among you, and of their generations that are with you, which they begat in your land. And ye shall possess them and give them unto your children after you, to possess them for ever: and they shall be your bond men. But over your brethren the children of Israel, ye shall not reign one over another cruelly.
      When a stranger and a sojourner waxeth rich by thee, and thy brother that dwelleth by him waxeth poor and sell himself unto the stranger that dwelleth by thee or to any of the strangers kin: after that he is sold he may be redeemed again: one of his brethren may buy him out: whether it be his uncle or his uncles son, or any that is nigh of kin unto him of his kindred: either if his hand can get so much he may be loosed. And he shall reckon with him that bought him, from the year that he was sold in unto the year, of jubilee and the price of his buying shall be according unto the number of years, and he shall be with him as a hired servant. If there be yet many years behind, according unto them he shall give again for his deliverance, of the money that he was sold for. If there remain but few years unto the year of jubilee, he shall so count with him, and according unto his years give him again for his redemption, and shall be with him year by year as an hired servant and the other shall not reign cruelly over him in thy sight. If he be not bought free in the meantime, then he shall go out in the year of jubilee and his children with him: for the children of Israel are my servants which I brought out of the land of Egypt.

 

*usury: to use a person; have influence over him by lending money goods, favors or bribes …and also interest taking against loans.

 

 

 

The 26th Chapter

      I am the Lord your God. Ye shall make you no idols nor graven image, neither rear you up any pillar, neither ye shall set up any image of stone in your land to bow yourselves thereto: for I am the Lord your God: keep my Sabbaths and fear my sanctuary. For I am the Lord.
      If ye shall walk in mine ordinances and keep my commandments and do them, then I will send you rain in the right season and your land shall yield her increase and the trees of the field shall give their fruit. And the threshing shall reach unto wine harvest, and the wine harvest shall reach unto sowing time, and ye shall eat your bread in plenteousness, and shall dwell in your land peaceably. And I will send peace in your land, that ye shall sleep, and no man shall make you afraid.
      And I will rid evil beasts out of your land, and there shall no sword go throughout your land. And ye shall chase your enemies, and they shall fall before you upon the sword. And five of you shall chase an hundred, and an hundred of you shall put ten thousand to flight, and your enemies shall fall before you upon the sword. And I will turn unto you and increase you and multiply you, and set up my testament with you. And ye shall eat old store, and cast out the old for plenteousness of the new. I will make my dwelling place among you, and my soul shall not loathe you. And I will walk among you and will be your God, and ye shall be my people. For I am the Lord your God, which brought you out of the land of the Egyptians, that ye should not be their bondmen, and I brake the bows of your yokes, and made you go up right.
      But and if ye will not hearken unto me, nor will do all these my commandments, or if ye shall despise mine ordinances either if your souls refuse my laws, so that ye will not do all my commandments, but shall break mine appointment: then I will do this again unto you: I will visit you with vexations, swelling and fevers, that shall make your eyes dazzle, and with sorrows of heart. And ye shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies shall eat it. And I will set my face against you and ye shall fall before your enemies, and they that hate you shall reign over you, and ye shall flee when no man followeth you.
      And if ye will not yet for all this hearken unto me, then will I punish you seven times more for your sins, and will break the pride of your strength. For I will make the heaven over you as hard as iron, and your land as hard as brass. And so your labor shall be spent in vain. For your land shall not give her increase, neither the trees of the land shall give their fruits.
      And if ye walk contrary unto me and will not hearken unto me, I will bring seven times more plagues upon you according to your sins. I will send in wild beasts upon you, which shall rob you of your children and destroy your cattle, and make you so few in number that your high ways shall grow unto a wilderness.
      And if ye will not be learned yet for all this but shall walk contrary unto me, then will I also walk contrary unto you and will punish you yet seven times for your sins. I will send a sword upon you, that shall avenge my testament with you. And when ye are fled unto your cities, I will send the pestilence among you, ye shall be delivered into the hands of your enemies. And when I have broken the staff of your bread: that ten wives shall bake your bread in one oven and men shall deliver you your bread again by weight, then shall ye eat and shall not be satisfied.
      And if ye will not yet for all this hearken unto me, but shall walk contrary unto me, then I will walk contrary unto you also wrathfully and will also chastise you seven times for your sins: so that ye shall eat the flesh of your sons and the flesh of your daughters. And I will destroy your altars built upon high hills, and overthrow your images, and cast your carcasses upon the bodies of your idols, and my soul shall abhor you. And I will make your cities desolate, and bring your sanctuaries unto nought, and will not smell the savours of your sweet odors.
      And I will bring the land unto a wilderness: so that your enemies which dwell therein shall wonder at it. And I will strew you among the heathen, and will draw out a sword after you, and your land shall be waste, and your cities desolate. Then the land shall rejoice in her Sabbaths, as long as it lieth void and ye in your enemies land: even then shall the land keep holy day and rejoice in her Sabbaths. And as long as it lieth void it shall rest, for that it could not rest in your Sabbaths, when ye dwelt therein.
      And upon them that are left alive of you, I will send a faintness into their hearts in the land of their enemies: so that the sound of a leaf that falleth, shall chase them and they shall flee as though they fled a sword, and shall fall no man following them. And they shall fall one upon another, as it were before a sword even no man following them, and ye shall have no power to stand before your enemies: And ye shall perish among the heathen, and the land of your enemies shall eat you up.
      And they that are left of you, shall pine away in their unrighteousness, even in their enemies land, and also in the misdeeds of their fathers shall they consume. And they shall confess their misdeeds and the misdeeds of their fathers in their trespasses which they have trespassed against me, and for that also that they have walked contrary unto me. Therefore I also will walk contrary unto them, and will bring them into the land of their enemies. And then at the least way their uncircumcised hearts shall be tamed, and then they shall make an atonement for their misdeeds.
      And I will remember my bond with Jacob and my testament with Isaac, and my testament with Abraham, and will think on the land. For the land shall be left of them and shall have pleasure in her Sabbaths, while she lieth waste without them, and they shall make an atonement for their misdeeds, because they despised my laws and their souls refused mine ordinances. And yet for all that when they be in the land of their enemy, I will not so cast them away nor my soul shall not so abhor them, that I will utterly destroy them and break mine appointment with them: for I am the Lord their God. I will therefore remember unto them the first covenant made when I brought them out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the heathen to be their God: for I am the Lord.
      These are the ordinances, judgements, and laws which the Lord made between him and the children of Israel in mount Sinai by the hand of Moses.

 

 

 

The 27th Chapter

     And the Lord spake unto Moses saying: speak unto the Children of Israel and say unto them: If any man will give a singular vow unto the Lord according to the value of his soul, then shall the male from twenty years unto forty be set at fifty sickles of silver, after the sickle of the sanctuary, and the female at thirty sickles. And from five years to twenty the male shall be set at twenty sickles, and the female at ten sickles. And from a month unto five years, the male shall be set at five sickles of silver, and the female at three. And the man that is forty and above, shall be valued at fifteen sickles, and the woman at ten. If he be too poor so to be set, then let him come before the priest: and let the priest value him, according as the hand of him that vowed is able to get.
      If it be of the beasts of which men bring an offering unto the Lord: all that any man giveth of such unto the Lord, shall be holy. He may not alter it nor change it: a good for a bad or a bad for good. If he change beast for beast, then both the same beast and it also wherewith it was changed shall be holy. If it be any manner of unclean beast of which men may not offer unto the Lord, let him bring the beast before the priest and let the priest value it. And whether it be good or bad as the priest setteth it, so shall it be. And if he will buy it again, let him give the fifth part more to that it was set at.
      If any man dedicate his house, it shall be holy unto the Lord. And the priest shall set it, whether it be good or bad, and as the priest hath set it, so it shall be. If he that sanctified it will redeem his house, let him give the fifth part of the money that it was judged at thereto, and it shall be his.
      If a man hallow a piece of his inherited land unto the Lord, it shall be set according to that it beareth. If it bear an homer of barley, it shall be set at fifty sickles of silver. If he hallow his field immediately from the year of jubilee, it shall be worth according as it is esteemed. But and if he hallow his field after the trumpet year, the priest shall reckon the price with him according to the years that remain unto the trumpet year, and thereafter it shall be lower set.
      If he that sanctified the field will redeem it again, let him put the fifth part of the price that it was set at, thereunto, and it shall be his: if he will not it shall be redeemed no more. But when the field goeth out in the year of jubilee, it shall be holy unto the Lord: even as a thing dedicated, and it shall be the priests possession.
      If a man sanctify unto the Lord a field, which he hath bought and is not of his inheritance, then the priest shall reckon with him what it is worth unto the year of jubilee, and he shall give the price that it is set at the same day, and it shall be holy unto the Lord. But in the year of jubilee, the field shall return unto him of whom he bought it, whose inheritance of land it was.
      And all setting shall be according to the holy sickle. One sickle maketh twenty geras.
      But the first born of the beasts that pertain unto the Lord, may no man sanctify: whether it be ox or sheep, for they are the Lords already. If it be an unclean beast, then let him redeem it as it is set at, and give the fifth part more thereto. If it be not redeemed, then let it be sold as it is rated.
      Notwithstanding no dedicated thing that a man dedicateth unto the Lord, of all his goods, whether it be man or beast or land of his inheritance, shall be sold or redeemed: for all dedicate things are most holy unto the Lord. No dedicate thing therefore that is dedicate of man, may be redeemed, but must needs die.
      All these tithes of the land, whether it be of the corn of the field or fruit of the trees, shall be holy unto the Lord. If any man will redeem ought of his tithes, let him add the fifth part more thereto. And the tithes of oxen and sheep and of all that goeth under the herdsmans keeping, shall be holy tithes unto the Lord. Men shall not look if it be good or bad nor shall change it. If any man change it then both it and that it was changed withall, shall be holy and may not be redeemed.
      These are the commandments which the Lord gave Moses in charge to give unto the children of Israel in mount Sinai.

 

The end of the third book of Moses

 

Chapters 1-8 | 9-15 | 16-22 | 23-27 | Next Book


 

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