The 30th Chapter
And Moses spake unto the heads of
the tribes of the children of Israel saying: this is the thing which
the Lord commandeth. If a man vow a vow unto the Lord or swear an
oath and bind his soul, he shall not go back with his word: but
shall fulfil all that proceedeth out of this mouth.
If a damsel vow a vow unto the Lord and bind herself being in
her fathers house and unmarried: If her father hear her vow and bond
which she hath made upon her soul, and hold his peace thereto: then
all her vows and bonds which she hath made upon her soul shall stand
in effect. But and if her father forbid her the same day that he
heareth it, none of her vows nor bonds which she hath made upon her
soul shall be of value, and the Lord shall forgive her, because her
father forbade her.
If she had an husband when she vowed or pronounced ought out
of her lips wherewith she bound her soul, and her husband heard it
and held his peace thereat the same day he heard it: Then her vows
and her bonds wherewith she bound her soul, shall stand in effect.
But and if her husband forbade her the same day that he heard it,
then hath he made her vow which she had upon her of none effect, and
that also which she pronounced with her lips wherewith she bound her
soul, and the Lord shall forgive her.
The vow of a widow and of her that is divorced, and all that
they have bound their souls withal, shall stand in effect with them.
If she vowed in her husbands house or bound her soul with an
oath, and her husband heard it and held his peace and forbade her
not: then all her vows and bonds wherewith she bound her soul, shall
stand. But if her husband disannulled them the same day that he
heard them, then nothing that proceeded out of her lips in vows and
bonds wherewith she bound her soul shall stand in effect: for her
husband hath loosed them, and the Lord shall forgive her.
All vows and oaths that bind to humble the soul, may her
husband stablish or break. But if her husband hold his peace from
one day unto another, then he stablisheth all her vows and bonds
which she had upon her, because he held his peace the same day that
he heard them. And if he afterward break them, he shall bear her sin
These are the ordinances which the Lord commanded Moses,
between a man and his wife, and between the father and his daughter,
being a damsel in her fathers house.
The 31st Chapter
the Lord spake unto Moses saying: avenge the children of Israel of
the Madianites, and afterward be gathered unto thy people. And Moses
spake unto the folk saying: Harness some of you unto war, and let
them go upon the Madianites and avenge the Lord of the Madianites.
Ye shall send unto the war a thousand of every tribe throughout all
the tribes of Israel. And there were taken out of the thousands of
Israel twelve thousand prepared unto war, of every tribe a thousand.
And Moses sent them a thousand of every tribe, with Phineas the son
of Eleazer the priest to war, and the holy vessels and the trumpets
to blow in his hand.
And they warred against the Madianites, as the Lord commanded
Moses, and slew all the males. And they slew the kings of Madian
among other that were slain: Eui, Rekem, Zur, Hur and Reba: five
kings of Madian. And they slew Balam the son of Beor with the sword.
And the children of Israel took all the women of Madian prisoners
and their children, and spoiled all their cattle, their substance
and their goods. And they burnt all their cities wherein they dwelt,
and all their castles with fire. And they took all the spoil and all
they could catch, both of men and beasts. And they brought the
captives and that which they had taken and all the spoil unto Moses
and Eleazer the priest and unto the company of the children of
Israel, even unto the host, in the fields of Moab by Jordan nigh to
And Moses and Eleazer the priest and all the lords of the
congregation went out of the host against them. And Moses was angry
with the officers of the host, with the captains over thousands and
over hundreds, which came from war and battle, and said unto them:
Have ye saved the women alive? behold, these caused the children of
Israel through Balam, to commit trespass against the Lord, by the
reason of Peor, and there followed a plague among the congregation
of the Lord. Now therefore slay all the men children and the women
that have lien with men fleshly: But all the women children that
have not lien with men, keep alive for yourselves. And lodge without
the host seven days all that have killed any person and all that
have touched any dead body, and purify both yourselves and your
prisoners the third day and the seventh. And sprinkle all your
raiments and all that is made of skins, and all work of goats hair,
and all things made of wood.
And Eleazer the priest said unto all the men of war which went
out to battle: this is the ordinance of the law which the Lord
commanded Moses: Gold, silver, brass, iron, tin and lead, and all
that may abide the fire, ye shall make it go through the fire, and
then it is clean. Neverthelater, it shall be sprinkled with
sprinkling water. And all that suffereth not the fire, ye shall make
go through the water. And wash your clothes the seventh day, and
then ye are clean. And afterward come into the host.
And the Lord spake unto Moses saying: take the sum of the prey
that was taken, both of the women and of cattle, thou and Eleazer
the priest and the ancient heads of the congregation. And divide it
into two parts, between them that took the war upon them and went
out to battle and all the congregation. And take a portion unto the
Lord of the men of war which went out to battle one of five hundred,
of the women and of the oxen and of the asses and of the sheep and
ye shall take it of their half and give it unto Eleazer the priest,
an heave offering unto the Lord. And of the half of the children of
Israel, take one of fifty, of the women, of the oxen, of the asses
and of the sheep, and of all manner of beasts, and give them unto
the Levites which wait upon the habitation of the Lord.
And Moses and Eleazer the priest did as the Lord commanded
Moses. And the booty and the prey which the men of war had caught,
was six hundred thousand and seventy five thousand sheep: and
seventy two thousand oxen: and sixty one thousand asses: and thirty
two thousand women that had lien by no man.
And the half which was the part of them that went out to war,
was three hundred thousand and thirty seven thousand and five
hundred sheep: And the Lords part of the sheep was six hundred and
seventy five. And the oxen were thirty six thousand, of which the
Lords part was seventy two. And the asses were thirty thousand and
five hundred, of which the Lords part was sixty one. And the women
were sixteen thousand, of which the Lords part was thirty two souls.
And Moses gave that sum which was the Lords heave offering unto
Eleazer the priest: as the Lord commanded Moses. And the other half
of the children of Israel which Moses separated from the men of war
(that is to know, the half that pertained unto the congregation) was
three hundred thousand and thirty seven thousand and five hundred
sheep and thirty six thousand oxen: and thirty thousand asses and
five hundred: and sixteen thousand women. And Moses took of this
half that pertained unto the children of Israel: one of every fifty,
both of the women and of the cattle, and gave them unto the Levites
which waited upon the habitation of the Lord, as the Lord commanded
Moses. And the officers of thousands of the host, the captains over
the thousands and the captains over the hundreds came forth and said
unto Moses: Thy servants have taken the sum of the men of war, which
were under our hand, and there lacked, not one man of them. We have
therefore brought a present unto the Lord what every man found of
Jewels of gold, chains, bracelets, rings, earrings and spangles, to
make an atonement for our souls before the Lord.
And Moses and Eleazer took the gold of them: Jewels of all
manner fashions. And all the gold of the heave offering of the Lord,
of the captains over thousands and hundreds was sixteen thousand
seven hundred and fifty sickles, for the men of war had spoiled,
every man for himself. And Moses and Eleazer the priest took the
gold of the captains over the thousands and over the hundreds, and
brought it into the tabernacle of witness: to be a memorial unto the
children of Israel, before the Lord.
The 32nd Chapter
children of Ruben and the children of Gad, had an exceeding great
multitude of cattle. And when they saw the land of Jaeser and the
land of Galaad that it was an apt place for cattle, they came and
spake unto Moses and Eleazer the priest and unto the lords of the
congregation saying. The land of Ataroth, Dibo and Jazer, Nemrah and
Hesbon Elealeh and Sabam and Nebo and Beon, which country the Lord
smote before the congregation of Israel: is a land for cattle and we
thy servants have cattle wherefore (said they) if we have found
grace in thy sight, let this land be given unto thy servants to
possess, and bring us not over Jordan.
And Moses said unto the children of Gad and of Ruben: shall
your brethren go to war and ye tarry here? Wherefore discourage ye
the hearts of the children of Israel for to go over into the land
which the Lord hath given them. This did your fathers, when I sent
them from Cades barne to see the land. And they went up even unto
the river of Escol and saw the land, and discouraged the hearts of
the children of Israel, that they should not go into the land which
the Lord had given them.
And the Lord was wroth the same time and sware saying: None of
the men that came out of Egypt from twenty years old and above,
shall see the land which I swore unto Abraham, Isaac and Jacob,
because they have not continually followed me: save Caleb the son of
Jephune the Kenesite, and Josua the son of Nun, for they have
followed me continually. And the Lord was angry with Israel, and
made them wander in the wilderness forty years, until all the
generation that had done evil in the sight of the Lord were
And behold, ye are risen up in your fathers stead, the
increase of sinful men, and to augment the fierce wrath of the Lord
to Israelward. For if ye turn away from after him, he will yet again
leave the people in the wilderness, so shall ye destroy all this
folk. And they went near him and said: we will build sheepfolds here
for our sheep and for our cattle, and cities for our children: But
we ourselves will go ready armed before the children of Israel,
until we have brought them unto their place. And our children shall
dwell in the fenced cities, because of the inhabiters of the land.
And we will not return unto our houses, until the children of Israel
have inherited: every man his inheritance. For we will not inherit
with them on yonder side Jordan forward, because our inheritance is
fallen to us on this side Jordan eastward.
And Moses said unto them: If ye will do this thing, that ye
will go all harnessed before the Lord to war, and will go all of you
in harness over Jordan before the Lord, until he have cast out his
enemies before him, and until the land be subdued before the Lord,
then ye shall return and be without sin against the Lord and against
Israel, and this land shall be your possession before the Lord. But
and if ye will not do so, behold, ye sin against the Lord: and be
sure your sin will find you out. Build your cities for your children
and folds for your sheep, and see ye do that ye have spoken. And the
Children of Gad and of Ruben spake unto Moses saying: thy servants
will do as my lord commandeth. Our children, our wives substance and
all our cattle shall remain here in the cities of Galaad. But we thy
servants will go all harnessed for the war unto battle before the
Lord, as my lord hath said.
And Moses commanded Eleazer the priest: and Josua the son of
Nun and the ancient heads of the tribes of the children of Israel,
and said unto them: If the children of Gad and Ruben will go with
you over Jordan, all prepared to fight before the Lord: then when
the land is subdued unto you, give them the land of Galaad to
possess, but and if they will not go over with you in harness, then
they shall have their possessions among you in the land of Canaan.
And the children of Gad and Ruben answered saying: that which the
Lord hath said unto thy servants we will do. We will go harnessed
before the Lord into the land of Canaan, and the possession of our
inheritance shall be on this side the Jordan.
And Moses gave unto the children of Gad and of Ruben and unto
half the tribe of Manasse the son of Joseph, the kingdom of Sehon
king of the Amorites, and the kingdom of Og king of Basan, the land
that longed unto the cities thereof in the coasts of the country
round about. And the children of Gad built Dibo, ataroth, Aroer,
Atroth, Sophan, Jaeser, Jegabea, Bethnimra and Betharan fenced
cities, and they built folds for their sheep. And the children of
Ruben built Hesebon, Eleale, Kiriathaim, Nebo, Baal, Meon and turned
their names, and Sibama also: and gave names unto the cities which
And the children of Machir the son of Manasse went to Galaad
and took it, and put out the Amorites that were therein. And Moses
gave Galaad unto Machir the son of Manasse and he dwelt therein. And
Jahir the son of Manasse went and took the small towns thereof, and
called them the towns of Jair. And Nobah went and took kenath with
the towns longing thereto, and called it Nobah after his own name.
The 33rd Chapter
the journeys of the children of Israel which went out of the land of
Egypt with their armies under Moses and Aaron. And Moses wrote their
going out by their journeys at the commandment of the Lord: even
these are the journeys of their going out. The children of Israel
departed from Rameses the fifteenth day of the first month, on the
morrow after Passover and went out with an high hand in the sight of
all Egypt, while the Egyptians buried all their first born which the
Lord had smitten among them. And upon their gods also the Lord did
execution. And the children of Israel removed from Rameses and
pitched in Sucoth. And they departed from Sucoth and pitched their
tents in Ethan, which is in the edge of the wilderness. And they
removed from Ethan and turned unto the entering of Hiroth which is
before Baal Zephon, and pitched before Migdol. And they departed
from before Hiroth and went through the midst of the sea into the
wilderness, and went three days journey in the wilderness of Ethan,
and pitched in Marah. And they removed from Marah and went unto Elim
where were twelve fountains and seventy palm trees and they pitched
And they removed from Elim and lay fast by the red sea. And
they removed from the red sea and lay in the wilderness of Sin. And
they took their journey out of the wilderness of Sin, and set up
their tents in Daphka. And they departed from Daphka, and lay in
Alus. And they removed from Alus, and lay at Raphedim, where was no
water for the people to drink. And they departed from Raphedim, and
pitched in the wilderness of Sinai.
And they removed from the desert of Sinai, and lodged at the
graves of lust. And they departed from the sepulchres of lust, and
lay at Hazeroth. And they departed from Hazeroth, and pitched in
Rithma. And departed from Rithma and pitched at Rimon Parez. And
they departed from Rimon Parez, and pitched in Libna. And they
removed from Libna, and pitched at Rissa. And they journeyed from
Rissa and pitched at Kehelatha. And they went from Kehelatha, and
pitched in mount Sapher. And they removed from mount Sapher, and lay
in Harada. And they removed from Harada, and pitched in Makeheloth.
And they removed from Makeheloth, and lay at Tahath, and they
departed from Tahath and pitched at Tharath. And they removed from
Tharath, and pitched in Mithca. And they went from Mithca, and
lodged in Hasmona. And they departed from Hasmona, and lay at
Moseroth. And they departed from Moseroth, and pitched in Bane Jaken.
And they removed from Bane Jaken, and lay at Horgadgad. And they
went from Horgadgad, and pitched in Jathbatha. And they removed from
Jathbatha, and lay at Abrona. And they departed from Abrona, and lay
at Ezeon gaber. And they removed from Ezeon gaber, and pitched in
the wilderness of Sin, which is Cades. And they removed from Cades,
and pitched in mount Hor, in the edge of the land of Edom. And Aaron
the priest went up into mount Hor at the commandment of the Lord and
died there, even in the fortieth year, after the children of Israel
were come out of the land of Egypt, and in the first day of the
fifth month. And Aaron was an hundred and thirty three years old
when he died in mount Hor. And king Erad the Cananite which dwelt in
the south of the land of Canaan, heard that the children of Israel
And they departed from mount Hor, and pitched in Zalmona. And
they departed from Zalmona, and pitched in Phimon, and they departed
from Phimon, and pitched in Oboth. And they departed from Oboth, and
pitched in Jehabarim in the borders of Moab. And they departed from
Jehabarim, and pitched in Dibon Gad. And they removed from Dibon
Gad, and lay in Almon Diblathama. And they removed from Almon
Diblathama, and pitched in the mountains of Abarim before Nabo. And
they departed from the mountains of Abarim, and pitched in the
fields of Moab fast by Jordan nigh to Jericho. And they pitched upon
Jordan, from Beth Haiesmoth unto the plain of Abelsatim in the
fields of Moab.
And the Lord spake unto Moses in the fields of Moab by Jordan
nigh unto Jericho, saying: speak unto the children of Israel and say
unto them: when ye are come over Jordan into the land of Canaan, see
that ye drive out all the inhabiters of the land before you, and
destroy their chapels and all their Images of Metal, and pluck down
all their altars built on hills: And possess the land and dwell
therein, for I have given you the land to enjoy it. And ye shall
divide the inheritance of the land by lot among your kindreds, and
give to the more the more inheritance, and to the fewer the less
inheritance. And your inheritance shall be in the tribes of your
fathers, in the place where every mans lot falleth.
But and if ye will not drive out the inhabiters of the land
before you, then those which ye let remain of them, shall be thorns
in your eyes and darts in your sides, and shall vex you in the land
wherein ye dwell. Moreover it will come to pass, that I shall do
unto you as I thought to do unto them.
The 34th Chapter
And the Lord spake unto Moses
saying: command the children of Israel and say unto them: when ye
come into the land of Canaan, this is the land that shall fall unto
your inheritance, the land of Canaan with all her coasts. And your
south quarter shall be from the wilderness of Sin along by the coast
of Edom, so that your south quarter shall be from the side of the
salt sea eastward, and shall fetch a compass from the south up to
Acrabim, and reach to Zinna. And it shall go out on the south side
of Cades Barne, and go out also at Hazar Adar, and go along to Azmon.
And shall fetch a compass from Azmon unto the river of Egypt, and
shall go out at the sea.
And your west quarter shall be the great sea, which coast
shall be your west coast.
And this shall be your north quarter: ye shall compass from
the great sea unto mount Hor. And from mount Hor, ye shall compass
and go unto Hemath, and the end of the coast shall be at Zedada, and
the coast shall reach out to Ziphron and go out at Hazer enan. And
this shall be your north quarter.
And ye shall compass your east quarter from Hazar enan to
Sepham. And the coast shall go down from Sepham to Ribla on the east
side of Ain. And then descend and go out at the side of the sea of
Cenereth eastward. And then go down along by Jordan, and leave at
the salt sea. And this shall be your land with all the coasts
thereof round about.
And Moses commanded the children of Israel saying: this is the
land which ye shall inherit by lot, and which the Lord commanded to
give unto nine tribes and an half: for the tribe of the children of
Ruben, have received, in the households of their fathers, and the
tribe of the children of Gad in their fathers households, and half
the tribe of Manasse, have received their inheritance, that is to
know two tribes and a half have received their inheritance on the
other side of Jordan by Jericho eastward, toward the * son rising.
And the Lord spake to Moses saying: These are the names of the
men, which shall divide you the land to inherit. Eleazer the priest,
and Josua the son of Nun. And ye shall take also a lord of every
tribe to divide the land, whose names are these: in the tribe of
Juda, Caleb the son of Jephune. And in the tribe of the children of
Simeon, Semuel the son of Amiud, and in the tribe of BenJamin,
Elidad the son of Cislon. And in the tribe of the children of Dan,
the lord Bucki the son of Jagli. And among the children of Joseph:
in the tribe of the children of Manasse, the lord Haniel the son of
Ephod. And in the tribe of the children of Ephraim, the lord Camuel
the son of Siphtan. And in the tribe of the sons of Zabulon, the
lord Elizaphan the son of Pharnach. And in the tribe of the children
of Isachar, the lord Palthiel the son of Asan. And in the tribe of
the sons of Aser, the lord Ahihud the son of Salomi. And in the
tribe of the children of Naphthali, the lord Peda El the son of
Ammihud. These are they which the Lord commanded to divide the
inheritance unto the children of Israel, in the land of Canaan.
* son: exactly as it appears
in the text; note: in other places did the recorders write sunne for
sun, and sonne as son.
The 35th Chapter
And the Lord spake unto Moses in
the fields of Moab by Jordan Jericho saying: command the children of
Israel, that they give unto the Levites of the inheritance of their
possession: cities to dwell in. And ye shall give also unto the
cities of the Levites, suburbs round about them. The cities shall be
for them to dwell in, and the suburbs for their cattle, possession
and all manner beasts of theirs. And the suburbs of the cities which
ye shall give unto the Levites, shall reach from the wall of the
city outward, a thousand cubits round about. And ye shall measure
without the city, and make the utmost border of the east side: two
thousand cubits. And the utmost border of the south side: two
thousand cubits. And the utmost border of the west side: two
thousand cubits. And the utmost border of the north side: two
thousand cubits also: and the city shall be in the midst. And these
shall be the suburbs of their cities.
And among the cities which ye shall give unto the Levites,
there shall be six cities of franchise which ye shall give to that
intent that he which killeth, may fly thither. And to them ye shall
add forty two cities more: so that all the cities which ye shall
give the Levites shall be forty eight with their suburbs. And of the
cities which ye shall give out of the possessions of the children of
Israel, ye shall give many out of their possessions that have much
and few out of their possessions that have little: so that every
tribe shall give of his cities unto the Levites, according to the
inheritance which he inheriteth.
And the Lord spake unto Moses saying: speak unto the children
of Israel and say unto them: when ye be come over Jordan into the
land of Canaan, ye shall build cities which shall be privileged
towns for you: that he which slayeth a man unawares, may fly
thither. And the cities shall be to flee from the executer of blood,
that he which killed die not, until he stand before the congregation
in judgement. And of these six free cities which ye shall give three
ye shall give on this side Jordan and three in the land of Canaan.
And these six free cities shall be for the children of Israel and
for the stranger and for him that dwelleth among you, that all they
which kill any person unawares, may flee thither.
If any man smite another with a weapon of iron that he die,
then he is a murderer, and shall die for it. If he smite him with a
throwing stone that he die therewith, then he shall die: For he is a
murderer and shall be slain therefore. If he smite him with a hand
weapon of wood that he die therewith, then he shall die: for he is a
murderer and shall be slain therefore.
The justice of blood shall slay the murderer, as soon as he
findeth him: If he thrust him of hate, or hurl at him with laying of
wait that he die or smite him with his hand of envy that he die, he
that smote him shall die, for he is a murderer. The justice of blood
shall slay him as soon as he findeth him.
But and if he pushed him by chance and not of hate or cast at
him with any manner of thing and not of laying of wait: or cast any
manner of stone at him that he die therewith, and saw him not: And
he cast it upon him and he died, but was not his enemy, neither
sought him any harm: Then the congregation shall judge between the
slayer and the executer of blood in such cases. And the congregation
shall deliver the slayer out of the hand of the judge of blood, and
shall restore him again unto the franchised city, whither he was
fled. And he shall bide there unto the death of the high priest
which was anointed with holy oil.
But and if he came without the borders of his privileged city
whither he was fled, if the avenger of blood find him without the
borders of his free town, he shall slay the murderer and be
guiltless, because he should have bidden in his free town until the
death of the high priest, and after the death of the high priest, he
shall return again unto the land of his possession. And this shall
be an ordinance and a law unto you, among your children after you in
all your habitations.
Whosoever slayeth, shall be slain at the mouth of witnesses.
For one witness shall not answer against one person to put him to
death. Moreover ye shall take none amends for the life of the
murderer which is worthy to die: But he shall be put to death. Also
ye shall take none atonement for him that is fled to a free city,
that he should come again and dwell in the land before the death of
the high priest. And see that ye pollute not the land which ye are
in, for blood defileth the land. And the land can none otherwise be
cleansed of the blood that is shed therein, but by the blood of it
that shed it. Defile not therefore the land which ye inhabit, and in
the midst of which I also dwell among the children of Israel.
a thousand cubits ( that is 1500' ;
if measure id based on "modern" lengths. Yet it is very possible
that lengths were used of giants; ie ...from finger tip to elbow.)
The 36th Chapter
ancient heads of the children of Galaad the son of Machir the son of
Manasse of the kindred of the children of Joseph, came forth and
spake before Moses and the princes which were ancient heads among
the children of Israel and said: The Lord commanded my lord to give
the land to inherit by lot to the children of Israel. And then my
lord commanded in the name of the Lord to give the inheritance of
Zelaphead our brother unto his daughters. Now when any of the sons
of the tribes of Israel take them to wives, then shall their
inheritance be taken from the inheritance of our fathers, and shall
be put unto the inheritance of the tribe in which they are and shall
be taken from the lot of our inheritance. And when the year of
jubilee cometh unto the children of Israel, then shall their
inheritance be put unto the inheritance of the tribe where in they
are, and so shall their inheritance be taken away from the
inheritance of the tribe of our fathers.
And Moses commanded the children of Israel at the mouth of the
Lord saying: the tribe of the children of Joseph have said well.
This therefore doth the Lord command the daughters of Zelaphead
saying: let them be wives to whom they themself think best, but in
the kindred of the tribe of their fathers shall they marry, that the
inheritance of the children of Israel roll not from tribe to tribe.
But that the children of Israel may abide, every man in the
inheritance of the tribe of his fathers. And every daughter that
possesseth any inheritance among the tribes of the children of
Israel, shall be wife unto one of the kindred of the tribe of her
father, that the children of Israel may enjoy every man the
inheritance of his father, and that the inheritance go not from one
tribe to another: but that the tribes of the children of Israel, may
abide every man in his own inheritance.
And as the Lord commanded Moses even so did the daughters of
Zelaphead: Mahela, Thirza, Hagla, Milcha and Noa, and were married
unto their fathers brothers sons, of the kindred of the children of
Manasse the son of Joseph: and so they had their inheritance in the
tribe of the kindred of their father.
These are the commandments and laws which the Lord commanded
through Moses, unto the children of Israel in the fields of Moab
upon Jordan nigh unto Jericho.
The end of the
fourth book of Moses