The Book of Tobiah
“Jehovah is good”
Tobiah was of
the tribe and city of Nephtali, which lyeth in the high countries of
Galilee above Naason the way toward the west, having the city of
Sephet upon the left side.
Though he was taken prisoner in the days of Salmanasar king of
the Assirians, nevertheless being in captivity, he forsook not the
way of the truth: In so much that whatsoever he might get, he parted
it daily with his fellow prisoners, and brethren, that were of his
kindred. And although he were younger than all in the tribe of
Nephtali, yet did not he behave himself childishly in his works. And
when all the other went to the golden calves, which Jeroboam the
king of Israel had made, he himself alone fled all their companies,
and gat him to Jerusalem unto the temple of the Lord, and there
worshipped the Lord God of Israel, faithfully offering of all his
first fruits and tithes, so that in the third year he ministered all
the tithes unto the strangers and converts. These and such like
things did he according to the law of God, when he was but young.
But when he was a man, he took out of his own tribe a wife
called Anna, and of her he begat a son, whom he called after his own
name, and taught him from his youth up, to fear God, and to refrain
from all sin.
Now when he with his wife, his son and with all his kindred
was come in captivity unto Nineve, what time as they all are of the
meats of the Heathen, he kept his soul, and was never defiled in
their meats. And for so much as he was mindful of the Lord in all
his heart, God gave him favor in the presence of Salmanasar the
king, which gave him power to go where he would, and so had he
liberty to do what him list.
So went Tobiah unto all them that were in prison, and
comforted them, and gave them wholesome exhortations. And when he
came unto Rades a city of the Medes, having ten talent of silver (
of the things wherewith the king had honoured him ) and saw among a
great company of people of his kindred, one called Gabelus (which
was of his own tribe ) being in necessity, he gave him the said
weight of silver under an handwriting.
After an long season when Salmanasar the king was dead, and
Sennaherib his son reigned in his stead, which hated the children of
Israel. Tobiah went daily throughout all his kindred, and comforted
them, and gave of his goods to every one of them, as much as he
might: he fed the hungry, clothed the naked, and buried the dead and
slain, and that diligently.
And when Sennaherib the king came again and fled out of Jewry
( what time as God punished him for his blasphemy ) and in his wrath
slew many of the children of Israel Tobiah buried their bodies. But
when it was told the king, he commanded to slay him, and took away
all his goods. Nevertheless Tobiah with his son and with his wife
fled his way, and was hide naked, for there were many that loved
him. But after fourteen days the king was slain of his own sons.
Then came Tobiah again to his house, and all his goods restored unto
things upon a solemn day of the Lord Tobiah made a good feast in his
house, and said unto his son: Go thy way and bring hither some of
our tribe, such as fear God, that they may make merry with us. And
when he was gone, he came again, and told his father, that one of
the children of Israel lay slain upon the street. And immediately he
leapt from his table, left the feast, came fasting to the dead
corpse, took him and bear him privately into his house, that when
the Sun was down, he might safely bury him. And when he had hid the
corpse, he ate his meat with mourning and fear, remembering the
words, that the Lord sayeth by the prophet Amos: your feasts shall
be turned to sorrow and heaviness.
But when the Sun was down, he went his way and buried him.
Then all his neighbors reproved him, saying: It is not long, since
it was commanded to slay thee because of this matter, and hast
scarce escaped the danger of death, and buriest thou the dead again?
Nevertheless Tobiah fearing God more than the king, took the bodies
of the slain, hid them in his house, and buried them at midnight.
It happened upon a day, that he had buried the dead, and was
weary, came home, and layed him down by the wall and slept. And
while he was asleep, there fell down upon his eyes warm dong out of
the swallows nest, so that he was blind. This temptation did God
suffer to happen upon him, that they which came after, might have an
example of his patience, like as of holy Job. For in so much as he
ever feared God from his youth up, and kept his commandments, he was
not heavy against God, that the plague of blindness chanced unto
him, but remained steadfast in the fear of God, and thanked God all
the days of his life.
For like as blessed Job was had in derision of kings, even so
was he laughed to scorn of his elders and kinfolks, which said unto
him: where is thy hope, for the which thou hast done alms and buried
the dead? But Tobiah rebuked them, and spake: Say not so, for we are
the children of holy men, and look for life, which God shall give
unto them, that never turn their believe from him. Anna his wife
went daily to the weaving work, and took what living she could get
with the labor of her hands, she brought it. And it happened that
she took a kid and brought it home.
And when her husband heard it cry, he said: look that it be
not stolen, restore it again to the owners: for it is not lawful for
us, to eat or touch anything of theft. Then was his wife angry, and
said : Now is thy hope become vain openly, and thy all miss deeds
are manifest. With these and such like words did she cast him in the
Then Tobiah took it heavily, and
with tears began to make his prayer saying: O' Lord, thou art
righteous, and all thy judgements are true, yee all thy ways are
mercy, faithfulness and judgement. And now O' Lord be mindful of me,
take no vengeance of my sins, neither remember my misdeeds, neither
the misdeeds of my elders. For we have not been obedient unto thy
commandments, therefore are we spoiled, brought in to captivity, and
unto death, into derision and shame unto all nations, among whom
thou hast scattered us. And now O' Lord, thy judgments are great,
for we have not done according to thy commandments, neither have we
walked innocently before thee. And now O' Lord, deal with me
according to thy will, and command my spirit to be received in
peace, for more expedient were it for me to die, then to live.
At the same time it happened, that Sara the daughter of Raguel
at Rages a city of the medes was *sclandered of one of her fathers
handmaids, namely that she should have had seven husbands, which as
soon as they were gone in unto her, were slain of the devil called
Asmodeus. Therefore when she reproved the maiden for her fault, she
answered her saying: God let us never see son ner daughter of the
more upon the earth, thou killer of husbands. Wilt thou slay me
also, as thou hast slain seven men? At this voice went Sara in to an
high chamber of her house, three days and three nights she neither
ate ner drank, but continued in prayer, and besought God with tears,
that he would deliver her from this rebuke.
Upon the third day it chanced, that when she had made an end
of her prayer, she prayed the Lord saying: Blessed be thy name O'
God of our fathers, which when thou art wroth, showest mercy, and in
the time of trouble thou forgivest the sins of them, that call upon
thee. Unto thee O' Lord turn I my face, unto thee lift I up mine
eyes. I beseech thee O' Lord, loose me out of the bonds of this
rebuke, or else take me utterly away from the earth. Thou knowest
Lord, that I never had desire unto man, and that I have kept my soul
clean from all uncleanly lust. I have not kept company with those
that pass their time in sport, neither have I made myself partaker
with them that walk in light behavior. Nevertheless an husband have
I consented to take, not for my pleasure, but in thy fear.
Now peradventure either I have been unworthy of them, or else
were they unmete for me, for thou happily hast kept me to another
husband. For why? thy counsel is not in the power of man. But
whosoever loveth thee and serveth thee aright, is sure, that if his
life be tempted and proved, it standeth in the trying: and if he
endure in patience, he shall have a reward and be highly crowned:
And if he be in trouble, that God ( no doubt ) shall deliver him:
And if his life be in chastening, that he shall have leave to come
For thou hast no pleasure in our damnation: And why? after a
storm thou makest the weather fair and still: after weeping and
heaviness thou givest great joy. Thy name O' God of Israel, be
praised for ever. At the same time were both their prayers heard in
the sight of the majesty of the Highest God. And Raphael the holy
Angel of the Lord was sent to help them both, whose prayers came
together before God.
*sclandered (scandal / slander)
So when Tobiah
thought his prayer to be heard, that he might die, he called unto
him his son Tobiah, and said unto him: My son, hear the words of my
mouth, and lay them in thy heart as a foundation. When God taketh
away my soul, bury thou my body, and hold thy mother in honor all
the days of her life. For thou oughtest to remember, what and how
great perils she suffered for thee in her womb. And when she also
hath fulfilled the time of her life, bury her beside me. Have God in
thy thought all the days of thy life, and beware, lest anytime thou
consent unto sin, and lest thou let slip the commandments of the
Lord our God.
Give alms of thy goods, and turn never thy face from the poor:
and so it shall come to pass, that the face of the Lord shall not be
turned away from thee. Be merciful after thy power. If thou hast
much, give plentiously: if thou hast little, do thy diligence,
gladly to give of that little. For so thou gatherest thou thy self a
good reward in the day of necessity. For alms delivereth from death,
and suffereth not the soul to come into darkness. And great comfort
is alms before the high God, unto all them that do it.
My son, keep thee well from all whoredom, and ( beside thy
wife ) see that no fault be known of thee. Let never pride have rule
in thy mind ner in thy word, for in pride began all destruction.
Whosoever worketh anything for thee, immediately give him his
hire, and look that thy hired servant wages remain not by thee
overnight. Look that thou never do unto another man, the thing that
thou wouldest not another man should do unto thee. Eat thy bread
with the hungry and poor, and cover the naked with thy clothes. Set
thy bread and wine upon the burial of the righteous, and do not thou
eat and drink thereof with the sinners. Ask ever the counsel at the
Be alway thankful to God, and beseech him, that he will order
thy ways, and that whatsoever thou devisest or takest in hand, it
may remain in him. I certify thee also my son, that ( when thou wast
yet but a babe ) I delivered ten talents of silver unto Gabelus, at
Rages a city of the Medes, and his handwriting have I by me. And
therefore seek some means, how thou mayest come by him, and receive
of him that said weight of silver, and give him his handwriting
My son, be not afraid: truth it is, we lead here a poor life:
but great good shall we have, if we fear God, and depart from all
sin, and do well.
Tobiah his father, and said: father, all that thou hast commanded
me, will I do, and that diligently. But how I shall require this
money, I can not tell. Neither doth he know me, ner I him. What
token shall I give him? And as for the way thither, I never knew it.
Then his father answered him, and said: I have his hand writing by
me, which when thou showest him, immediately he shall pay thee. But
go thy way now, and get thee some faithful man to go with thee for
hire, that thou may receive the money, while I am yet living.
Then went Tobiah out, and upon the street he found a fair
young man standing, girded up, and as it were one ready to take his
journey. And he knew not that it was an angel of God, but saluted
him, and said: From whence art thou, thou good young man? He
answered the children of Israel.
And Tobiah said unto him: knowest thou the way, that leadeth
unto the country of the Medes ? He answered: I knowest it well, and
all those streets have I gone often times, and have lodged with our
brother Gabelus, that dwelleth in Rages a city of the Medes, which
lieth upon the mount Egabthanis. Tobiah said unto him: I pray thee,
tarry for me, till I have told my father these things. Then went
Tobiah in, and told his father all. At the which is (his ) father
marveled, and prayed that he would come unto him.
Now when the angel came in, he saluted him, and said: Joy be
with thee for evermore. And old Tobiah said: what joy can I have
that sit here in darkness, and see not the light of heaven ? The
young man said unto him: Be of good cheer, God shall help thee
shortly. And Tobiah said unto him: Canest thou bring my son to
Gabelius, unto the city of Rages in Medea ? And when thou comest
again, I shall pay thee thy hire. And the Angel said unto him: I
shall lead thy son, and bring him to thee again. Then Tobiah
answered him: tell me I pray thee, of what house, or of what tribe
art thou ? The angel Raphael said unto him: Asketh thou after the
kindred of an hireling, or seekest thou a guide for thy son to go
with him? But that I make thee not careful, I am Azarias the son of
great Hananias. And Tobiah answered: thou art come of a great
kindred: but I pray thee, be not displeased, that I desired to know
thy kindred. The Angel said unto him: thy son shall I lead forth
safely, and bring him whole to thee again.
Then answered Tobiah, and said: well, go on your way, and God
be in your journey, and his Angel bear you company. So when they had
prepared all things, that they would take with them in their
journey: Tobiah bid his father and his mother fare well, and they
went on their way both together. Now when they were gone, his mother
began to weep, and said: The staff of our age thou hast taken away,
and sent him from us.
Would God that money had never been, for the which thou hast
sent him away. If we had been content with our poverty, this had
been great riches to us, that we saw our son her. Then said Tobiah
unto her: weep not, our son shall come to us again safe and sound,
and thine eyes shall see him. For I trust, that the good Angel of
God shall bear him company, and order well all the things that he
doth: so that he shall come to us again with joy. At these words his
mother left from weeping, and held her tongue.
So Tobiah went
on his way, and a dog followed him, and the first night they abode
by the water of the Tigris. Then went he out to wash his feet, and
behold, there came forth an horrible fish to devour him. Of whom
Tobiah was afraid, and cried with a loud voice, saying: Lord, he
cometh upon me. And the Angel said unto him: Take him by the cheek
blade, and draw him to thee. And he did so, and drew him upon the
land. And the fish began to leap at his feet.
Then said the Angel unto him: Take out the bowels of this
fish, and as for the heart, the gall and the liver, keep them by
thee. For these things are necessary and good for medicine. Tobiah
did so, and roasted the fish, and they took him with them in their
journey: the residue they salted, as much as was sufficient for
them, till they come to Rages. Then Tobiah asked the Angel, and said
unto him: I pray thee brother Azarias, tell me, where to are these
things good of the fish, that thou hast bidden me keep ?
The Angel answered him and said: If thou layest a piece of the
heart upon the coals, the smoke thereof driveth away all manner of
evil spirits, whether it be from man or from woman, so that from
thenceforth the same shall come no more unto thee. The gall is good
to anoint or to streak the eyes withal, where as there is any
blemish in them, so shall they be whole.
And Tobiah said unto him: where wilt thou that we remain ? The
Angel answered and said: Here is a nye kinsman of thine, one Raguell
by name, which hath a daughter called Sara, and hath neither son ner
daughter but her. All his good belongeth unto thee, and thou must
marry his daughter: and therefore desire her of her father, and he
shall give her thee to wife. Then answered Tobiah and said: As I
understand, she hath been married unto seven husbands, and they all
are dead: and I have heard say, that the devil slew them. I am
afraid therefore, lest such things happen unto me also: which if it
came to pass ( seeing I am the only son of my father and my mother )
I should bring them in their age with sorrow to their graves.
Then said the Angel Raphael unto him: Hear me, and I will tell
thee what they be of whom the devil hath power. Namely, they that
receive marriage of such fashion, that they shut God out from them
and from their heart, and give themselves to their own lust, even as
it were an horse and Mule, which have no understanding: upon such
hath the devil power. But when thou takest her, and art come into
the chamber, withhold thyself from her three days, and give thee
diligence unto nothing but unto prayer with her.
And in the first night roast the liver of the fish, and the
devil shall be driven away. The second night shalt thou be received
into the company of the holy patriarchs. The third night shalt thou
obtain the blessings of God, so that whole children shall be born
unto you. After the third night take the maiden in the fear of God,
and more for the desire of children, then for any fleshly lust: that
in the seed of Abraham thou mayest obtain the blessing in children.
Then went they in to Raguell,
which received them joyfully. And when Raguell looked upon Tobiah,
he said unto Anna his wife: How like is this young man unto my
sisters son. And when he had spoken this, he said: whence be ye good
brethren? They said: Of the tribe of Nephthali, out of the captivity
of Nineve. Then said Raguell unto them: Know ye my brother Tobiah?
They said: Yee, we know him well. And when he had spoken much good
of him, the Angel said unto Raguell: Tobiah of whom thou asketh, is
this young mans father. Then Raguell bowed himself down, and wept,
took him about the neck and kissed him, and said: Gods blessing have
thou my son, for thou art the son of a good virtuous man. And Anna
his wife and Sara his daughter wept also.
Now when they had walked together, Raguell bad kill a *wether
and to make a feast. And when he prayed them to sit down to dinner,
Tobiah said: I will neither eat ner drink here this day, except thou
first grant me my petition, and promise me to give me thy daughter
Sara. When Raguell heard this, he was astonished, for he knew, what
had happened unto the other seven men, that went in unto her: and he
began to fear that it should chance unto him also in like manner.
And while he stood so in doubt, and gave the young man no
answer, the angel said unto him: Fear not to give him thy daughter,
for unto this man that feareth God, belongeth thy daughter to wife,
therefore might none other have her.
Then said Raguel: I doubt not, but God hath accepted my
prayers and tears in his sight: and I trust he caused you to come
unto me for the same intent, that this daughter of mine might be
married in her own kindred, according to the law of Moses. And now
doubt thou not, but I will give her unto thee: So he took the right
hand of his daughter, and gave her into the right hand of Tobiah,
and said: The God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob
be with you, join you together, and fulfill his blessing in you. And
they took a letter and made a writing of the marriage. And then made
they merry, and praised God. And Raguell called Anna his wife unto
him, and bad her prepare another chamber, and thither he brought
Sara his daughter, and she wept. Then said he unto her: Be of good
cheer my daughter, the Lord of heaven give thee joy, for the
heaviness that thou hast suffered.
*wether ( castrated male sheep)
Now after that they had supped,
they brought the young man in to her. Then thought Tobiah upon the
words of the angel, and took out of his bag a piece of the liver of
the fish, and layed it upon the hot coals. So the angel Raphael took
hold of the devil, and sent him away, and bound him in the
wilderness of higher Egypt. Then spake Tobiah unto the virgin, and
said: Up Sara, let us make our prayer unto God to day, tomorrow, and
over tomorrow: for these three nights will we reconcile ourselves
with God: and when the third holy night is past, we shall join
together in the duty of marriage. For we are the children of holy
men, and we may not come together as the Heathen, that know not God.
Then stood they up both together, and besought God earnestly,
that he would preserve them. And Tobiah said: O' Lord God of our
fathers, praised be thou of heaven and earth, of the sea, wells, and
floods, and all of the creatures therin. Thou madest Adam of the
mould of the earth, and gavest him Eva for an helper. And now Lord
thou knowest that it is not because of voluptuousness, that I take
this sister of mine to wife, but only for the love of children, in
whom thy name be blessed for ever. And Sara said: have mercy on us (
O' Lord ) have mercy on us, and let us both come whole and sound to
a good age.
And about the cock crow it happened, the Raguel called his
servants, and they went with him, to make a grave. For he said: it
is chanced unto him peradventure, as it did unto the other seven
men, that went in unto her. Now when they had made the grave, Raguel
came again to his wife, and said unto her: send one of thy maidens,
to look if he be dead, that I might bury him afore it be light day.
So she sent a maiden to see, which when she came into the chamber,
she found them whole and sound, sleeping together. And so she came
again, and brought good tidings. Then Raguel and Anna his wife
praised the Lord, and said: Praised be thou O' Lord God of Israel,
for it is not happened unto us, as we thought. For thou hast dealt
mercifully with us, and put away from us the enemy that persecuted
us, and hast showed mercy unto yonder two beloved. O' Lord, cause
them to magnify thee more perfectly and to offer thee sacrifice of
thy praise, and of their health: that all people may know, that thou
only art God in all the earth.
And immediately Raguel, commanded his servants, to fill the
grave, that they had made, with earth, afore it was light: and bade
his wife prepare a feast, and to make ready all things that were
necessary for meat, to such as went by the way. He caused two fat *kine
also, and four *wethers to be slain, and meats to be prepared for
all his neighbors and friends. And Raguel charged Tobiah, to remain
with him two weeks. As for all the good that he had, he gave Tobiah
the one half of it, and made this writing, that the half which
remained, should fall unto Tobiah after their death.
*kine (cow, heifer) *wethers (castrated male sheep)
called unto him the Angel, whom he thought to have been a man, and
said unto him. Brother Azarias, I pray thee harken unto my words: If
I should give my self to be thy servant, I shall not deserve thy
providence. Nevertheless I beseech thee that thou wilt take the
beasts and the servants, and go unto Gabelus in Rages the city of
Medes, and deliver him his handwriting, and receive the money of
him, and pray him to come unto my marriage. For thou knowest thy
self that my father telleth the days: and if I tarry one day to
long, he will be sorry in his mind. Now see it (seit) thou how
earnestly Raguel hath required of me, so that I can not say him nay.
The took Raphael four of Raguels servants, and two Camels, and
went unto Rages the city of the Medes: and when he had found
Gabelius, he gave him his handwriting, and received all the money.
He told him also of Tobiah the son of Tobi, how all things had
happened, and caused him to come with him to the marriage. Now when
he came into the house of Raguel, he found Tobiah sitting at the
table: and he leapt up, and they kissed one another, and Gabel wept,
and praised God, and said: the blessings of the God of Israel have
you, for thou art the son of a right virtuous and just man, and of
one that feareth God, and giveth great alms. And blessing have thy
wife, and your elders, that ye may see your children and your
childrens children, unto the third and fourth generation, and that
your seed may be blessed of the God of Israel, which reigneth world
without end. And they all said Amen, they went to the feast, but
with the fear of the Lord held they the feast of the marriage.
Now while young Tobiah made long
tarrying, by reason of the marriage, his father was full of care and
heaviness, and thought: what should be the cause, that my son
tarryeth so long ? Or why should he be kept so long there ?
Peradventure Gabelus is dead, and no man will give him the money.
Thus began he to be very sorrowful, he and Anna his wife with him,
and began to weep both together, because their son was not come home
again unto them at the day appointed. As for his mother, she wept
with discomfortable tears, and said: Woe is me, my son: Oh what
ailed us to send thee away into a strange country, thou light of our
eyes, thou staff of our age, thou comfort of our life, thou hope of
our generation ? Seeing all the things that we have are only in
thee, we should not have sent thee away from us.
Then Tobiah comforted her, and said: hold thy tongue, and be
not discomforted, our son is whole and sound: the man that we sent
him withal, is faithful enough. Nevertheless she might no wise be
comforted: but daily went out, looked about, and went about all the
streets, whereby she thought he should come again: that ( if it were
possible ) she might see him coming afar off.
But Raguel said unto his son in law: O' tarry here, and I
shall send a messenger unto thy father Tobiah, to tell him that thou
art in good health. Tobiah said unto him: I am sure, that my father
and my mother count every day, and that their hearts are sorry.
So when Raguel prayed Tobiah with many words, and would in no
wise hear him, he delivered Sara unto him, and the half part of all
his good: in servants and handmaidens, in sheep, in Camels, and in *kine,
and much money, and sent him away from him with peace and joy, and
said: The holy angel of the Lord be with you in your journey, and
bring you forth safe and sound, that ye may find all things in good
case with your elders, and that mine eyes may see your children
afore I die. So the elders embraced their daughter, kissed her, and
let her go, exhorting her to honor her father and mother in law, to
love her husband, to rule well her household, to keep her house in
good order, and to show herself faultless.
*kine (cow, heifers)
As they now were going homeward
again, upon the eleventh day they came to Charra, which layeth in
the half way toward Nineve. And the angel said: Brother Tobiah, thou
knowest how thou hast left thy father: therefore if it please thee,
we two will go before, and let the household with thy wife and the
cattle come soft and fairly after us. And when Tobiah was content
that they should go before, Raphael said unto him: Take of the gall
of the fish with thee, for it shall be necessary. So Tobiah took the
gall, and they went their way. But Anna the mother of Tobiah sat
daily by the way side upon the top of an hill, from whence she might
see far about her. And while she was waiting there for his coming,
she looked afar off, and *anone she perceived her son coming, and
ran and told her husband, saying: Behold, thy son cometh. And
Raphael said unto Tobiah: As soon as thou comest in to the house,
immediately worship the Lord God, and give thanks unto him: then go
to thy father, and kiss him, and strike his eyes over with the gall
of the fish, that thou hast brought with thee. For be sure, that his
eyes shall straight way be opened, and thy father shall see the
light of heaven, and shall rejoice in the sight of thee. Then the
dog that had been with them in their Journey, ran before, and came
as a messenger, and wagged with his tail for gladness.
So the blind father arose, and began to run, and stumbled with
his feet, and gave his servant his hand, ran to meet his son,
received him and kissed him, he and his wife, and began to weep for
Now when they had worshiped and thanked God, they sat down.
Then took Tobiah of the fishs gall, and anointed his fathers eyes:
and tarried half an hour, and then began the blemish to go out of
his eyes, like as it had been the white skin of an egg: which Tobiah
took, and drew from his eyes, and immediately he received his sight.
Then they praised God, he and his wife, and all they that knew
him. And Tobiah said: O' Lord God of Israel, I give thee praise and
thanks, for thou hast chastened me, and made me whole. And lo, now
do I see my son Tobiah. After seven days came Sara his sons wife
also whole and sound with all the household and cattle, with camels
and much money of his wives, and with the money that he had received
of Gabelius: and he told his father and his mother all the benefits,
which God had done for him, by the man that led him. Achior also and
Nabath Tobiah sister sons came, and were glad, and rejoiced with
him, by reason of all good that God had showed unto him. And so for
that space of seven days they made merry, and were joyful every each
*anone (after a while)
Then Tobiah called his son unto
him, and said: What may we give this holy man, that went with thee ?
Tobiah answered his father, and said: what reward shall we give him
? Or what thing can deserve his benefits ? He hath been my guide,
and brought me safe again: he received the money from Gabelus, he
caused me to get my wife, he drove the evil spirit from her, he hath
been an occasion of gladness to her father and mother: he delivered
me, that I was not devoured of the fish, he hath made thee to see
the light of heaven, yee we all have received great good of him. Now
should we worthily deserve these things unto him ? But I pray thee
my father, that thou wilt desire him, if happily he will *vouchsafe,
to take with him the half of all that we have brought.
So the father and the son called him, took him aside, and
began to pray him, that he would be content to take in good worth,
the half part of all that he had brought. Then said he secretly unto
them: Praise the God of heaven, and give thanks unto him before all
men living, for he hath showed his mercy unto us. It is good to hide
the Kings secret, but to show and to praise the works of God, it is
an honorable thing. Prayer is good with fasting, and to give alms is
better, then to hord up treasures of gold. For alms delivereth from
death, cleanesth sin, and causeth to find everlasting life. But they
that do sin and unrighteousness, are the enemies of their own souls.
Wherefore I tell you the truth, and will hide nothing from
you. When thou prayest with tears, and buryest the dead, and leftest
thy dinner, and hidest the dead in thy house upon the day time, that
thou mightest bury them in the night, I offered thy prayer before
the Lord. And because thou wast except and beloved of God, it was
necessary, that *tentation should try thee. And now hath the Lord
sent me to heal thee, and to deliver Sara thy sons wife from the
evil spirit. For I am Raphael an Angel, one of the seven that stand
When they heard this, they were sore afraid, and trembled, and
fell down upon their faces unto the ground. Then said the Angel:
Peace be with you, fear not. Whereas I have been with you, it is the
will of God give praise and thanks unto him.
You thought that I did eat and drink with you, but I use meat
that is invisible, and drink that can not be seen of men.
Now therefore is the time that I must turn again, unto him
that sent me: but be ye thankful unto God, and tell out all his
And when he had spoken these words, he was taken away out of
their sight, so that they saw him no more. Then fell they down flat
upon their faces by the space of three hours, and praised God: and
when they rose up, they told all his wondrous works.
*vouchsafe (allow, permit, vouch for ), *tentation (temptation?)
Then old Tobiah
opened his mouth an praised the Lord, and said: Great art thou O'
Lord for evermore, and thy Kingdom world without end: for thou
scourgest and healest, thou leadest to hell, and bringest out again,
and there is none that may escape thine hand. O' give thanks unto
the Lord, ye children of Israel, and praise him in the sight of the
Heathen. For among the Heathen which know him not hath he scattered
you, to the intent that ye should show forth his marvelous works:
and cause them for to know, that there is none other God almighty
but he. He hath chastened us for our misdeeds, and for his own mercy
sake shall he save us.
Consider then, how he hath dealt with you, and praise him with
fear and dread, and magnify the everlasting King in your works. I
will pray him even in the land of my captivity, for he hath showed
his majesty unto a sinful people. Turn you therefore O' ye sinners,
and do righteousness before God, and be ye sure, that he will show
his mercy upon you. As for me and my soul, we will rejoice in God.
O' praise the Lord all ye his chosen, hold the days of gladness, and
be thankful unto him. O' Jerusalem thou city of God, the Lord hath
punished thee for the works of thine own hands. O' praise the Lord
in thy good things, and give thanks to the everlasting God, that he
may build up his tabernacle again in thee, that he may call again
unto thee, all such as be in captivity, and that thou mayest have
joy for evermore. With a fair light thou shalt shine, and all the
ends of the world shall honor thee. The people shall come unto thee
from afar, they shall bring gifts, and worship the Lord in thee, and
thy land shall they have for a Sanctuary, for they shall call upon
the great name in thee.
Cursed shall they be that despise thee, and all that blaspheme
thee, shall be condemned: but blessed shall they be that build thee
up. As for thee thou shalt rejoice in thy children, for they all
shall be blessed, and gathered together unto the Lord. Blessed are
they all that love thee, and be glad of thy peace. Praise thou the
Lord, O' my soul, for the Lord our God hath delivered his city
Jerusalem from all her troubles. I will count my self happy, if my
seed remain to see the clearness of Jerusalem.
The gates of Jerusalem shall be builded with Sapphire and
Smaragde, and all the compass of her walls with precious stones. All
her streets shall be paved with white marble stone, and in all her
streets shall Alleluya be sung, Praised be the Lord, which hath
exalted her, that his kingdom may be upon her for evermore. Amen And
so Tobiah made an end of his talking.
And after that Tobiah had gotten
his sight again, he lived eighteen years, and saw his childrens
children. Now when he was one hundred and two years old, he died:
and was buried honorably in Ninive. For when he was six and fifty
years of age, he lost his sight of his eyes, and when he was three
score ( 60 ) year old, he gat his sight again. The residue of his
life led he in joy, and increased well in the fear of God, and
departed in peace.
But in the hour of his death he called his son Tobiah, and
seven young springaldes his sons children, and said unto them: The
destruction of Ninive is at hand, for the word of the Lord can not
fail, and our brethren that are scattered out of the land of Israel,
shall come thither again. And the whole land of it that hath been
waste, shall be filled: and the house of God that was burnt in it,
shall be builded again, and all such as fear God shall return
thither: the Heathen also shall forsake their Idols, and come to
Jerusalem, and dwell there, and all the Kings of the earth shall be
glad of her, and worship the Lord God of Israel.
And therefore my children, hear your father: Serve the Lord in
faithfulness, seek after his will, and do the thing that pleaseth
him. Command your children that they do right, give alms, be mindful
of God, and ever to be thankful unto him in truth and with all their
power. Hear me therefore my children, abide not here: but in what
day soever ye have buried your mother beside me, get you from hence.
For I see, that the wickedness of it shall bring it to destruction
After the death of his mother, Tobiah departed away from
Ninive, with his wife and children, and with his childrens children,
and came again to his father and mother in law, and found them whole
and in a good age, and took the care of them. And he closed their
eyes, and was heir to all Raguels goods, and saw the fifth
generation and childrens children. And when he was ninety nine years
of age, he died in the fear of the Lord, and his kinfolks buried
him. And all his posterity continued in a good life, and holy
conversation: so that they were loved and accepted both of God and
men, and of all the people of the land.