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First Book of Machabees

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Chapter 9

      In the mean season when Demetrius heard that Nicanor and his host was slain in the field, he proceeded further to send Bachides and Alcimus again into Jewry, and those that were in the right wing of his host, with them. So they went forth by the way that leadeth to Galgala, and pitched their tents before Masaloth, which is in Arbellis, and won the city, and slew much people. In the first month of the hundred fifty second year, they brought their host to Jerusalem, and rose up and Berea, with twenty thousand footmen and two thousand horsemen.
      Now Judas had pitched his tents at Laisa, with three thousand chosen men. And when they saw the multitude of the other army that was so great, they were sore afraid, and many conveyed themselves out of the host, Insomuch that there abode no more of them but eight hundred men. When Judas saw that his host failed him, and that he must needs fight: it break his heart, that he had no time to gather them together: wherefore the man was in extreme trouble. Nevertheless he said unto them, that remained with him: Up, let us go against our enemies, *peradventure we shall be able to fight with them. But they would have stopped him, saying: We shall not be able, therefore let us now save ourselves, and turn again to our brethren and then we will fight against them, for we are here but few. And Judas said: God forbid, that we should flee from them. Wherefore if your time be come, let us die manfully for our brethren, and let us not stain our honor. Then the host removed out of the tents, and stood against them. The horsemen were divided into two parts: the sling casters and the archers went before the host, and all the mighty men were foremost in the field. Bacchides himself was in the right wing of the battle, and the host drew nye in two parts, and blew the trumpets. They of Judas side blew the trumpets also, and the earth shook at the noise of the hosts, and they struck a field from the morrow till night. And when Judas saw that Bacchides host was strongest of the right side, he took with him all the hardy men, and break the right wing of their order, and followed upon them unto the mount Azot.
      Now when they which were of the left wing, saw that the right side was discomfited, they persecuted Judas and them that were with him. Then was there a sore battle, for many were slain and wounded of both parties, Judas also himself was killed, and the remnant fled. So Jonathan and Simon took Judas their brother, and buried him in his fathers sepulchre in the city of Modin. And all the people of Israel made great lamentation for him, and mourned long, saying: Alas, that this worth should be slain, which delivered the people of Israel. As for other things pertaining to the battles of Judas, the noble acts that he did and of his worthiness: they are not written, for they were very many.
      And after the death of Judas, wicked men came up in all the coasts of Israel, and there arose all such as work ungodliness. In those days was there a great *dearth in the land, and all the country gave over themselves and theirs unto Bachides. So Bachides chose wicked men, and made them lords in the land. These sought out and made search for Judas friends, and brought them unto Bacchides: which avenged himself upon them with great despite. And there came so great trouble in Israel, as was not since the time that no prophet was seen there.
      Then came all Judas friends together, and said unto Jonathas: For so much as thy brother Judas is dead, there is none like him to go forth against our enemies, against Bacchides, and such as are adversaries unto our people. Wherefore this day we have chosen thee for him, to be our prince and captain to order our battle. And Jonathas took the governance upon him at the same time, and ruled instead of his brother Judas. When Bacchides gat knowledge thereof, he sought for to slay him: But Jonathan and Simon his brother, perceiving that, fled into the wilderness of Thecua with all their company, and pitched their tents by the water of the pool Asphar.
      Which when Bacchides understood, he came over Jordan with all his host upon the Sabbath day. Now had Jonathan sent his brother Jhon ( a captain of the people ) to pray his friends the Nabuthites, that they would lend them their ordinance, for they had much. So the children of Jambri came out of Madaba, and took John and all that he had, and went their way withal. Then came word unto Jonathas and Simon his brother, that the children of Jambri made a great marriage, and brought the bride from Nadaba with great pomp: for she was daughter to one of the noblest princes of Chanaan. Wherefore they remembered the blood of Jhon their brother, and went up, and hid themselves under the shadow of the mountain.
      So they lifted up their eyes, and looked: and behold, there was much ado, and great *reprise: for the bride groom came forth, and his friends and his brethren met them with *tympanys, instruments of music, and many weapons. Then Jonathas and they that were with him, rose up of their lurking places against them, and slew many of them. As for the remnant, they fled into the mountains, and they took all their substance. Thus the marriage was turned to mourning, and the noise of their melody into lamentation. And so they had avenged the blood of their brother, they turned again unto Jordan.
      Bacchides hearing this, came unto the very border of Jordan with a great power on the Sabbath day. And Jonathas said to his company: Let us get up, and fight against our enemies: for it standeth not with us today, as in times past: Behold, our enemies are in our way, the water of Jordan upon the one side of us, with banks, fences and woods of the other side, so there is no place for us to depart unto. Wherefore cry now unto heaven, that ye may be delivered from the power of your enemies. So they struck battle. And Jonathas stretched out his hand to smite Bacchides, but he fled backward. Then Jonathas and they that were with him leapt into Jordan, and swam over Jordan unto him, and there were slain of Bachides side that day a thousand men.
      Therefore Bacchides with his host turned again to Jerusalem, and builded up the castles and strongholds that were in Jewry, Jericho, Emaus, Bethoron, Bethell, Thamnata, Phara and Topo, with high walls, with ports and with locks: and set men to keep them, that they might use their malice upon Israel. He walled up Bethsurah, Gazarah, and the castle at Jerusalem also, and provided them with men and victuals: He took also the chiefest mens sons in the country for pledges, and put them in the castle at Jerusalem to be kept.
      Afterward in the hundred and fifty third year, in the second month, Alcimus commanded, that the walls of the inmost Sanctuary should be destroyed, and the buildings of the prophets also. And when he began to destroy them the things that he went about, for he was smitten with a palsy, and his mouth shut, so that he could no more speak nor command any of his house concerning his business. Thus died Alcimus in great misery at the same time. When Bacchides saw that Alcimus was dead, he turned again to the king, and so the land was in rest two years. Then all the ungodly men held a council, saying: Behold, Jonathas and his company are at ease, and dwell without care. Wherefore let us bring Bacchides hither, and he shall take them all in one night.
      So they went and gave Bachides this counsel, which arose and came with a great host, and sent letters privily to his adherents in Jewry, to take Jonathas and those that were with him: but they might not, for the other had gotten knowledge of their devise. And Jonathas took fifty men of the country, ( which were the ringleaders of them ) and slew them. Then Jonathas and Simon departed unto the city Bethbessen which layeth in the wilderness, and repaired the decay thereof, and made it strong. When Bachides knew this, he gathered all his host, and sent word to them that were in Jewry. Then came he and laid siege to Bethbessen and fought against it a long season, and made instruments of war. Now Jonathas left his brother Simon in the city, and went forth himself into the country, and came with a certain number, and slew Odares and his brethren and the children of Phaseron in their tents: so that he began to be strong and increase in power.
      As for Simon and his company, they went out of the city, and burned up the instruments of war, and fought against Bachides, and discomfited him. And Bachides was sore vexed, because his counsel and travail was in vain. Wherefore he was wroth at the wicked men ( that gave him counsel to come into their land ) and slew many of them. Then purposed he with his company to go away into his own country: Whereof when Jonathas had knowledge, he sent ambassadors unto him, for to make peace with him, and that he should deliver him his prisoners again. To the which Bachides consented gladly, and did according to his desire: yee and made an oath, that he should never do him harm all the days of his life. So he restored unto him all the prisoners that he had taken out of the land of Juda, and then turned and went his way into his own land, neither proceeded he any further to come unto the borders of Juda. Thus Israel had* more war. And Jonathas dwelt at Machmas, and began there to govern the people; and he destroyed the ungodly men out of Israel.


*peradventure (perhaps, perchance) *dearth (famine) *reprise (chanting, repetitive song) *tympanys ( kettle drums) Line may read "Thus Israel had no more war".




Chapter 10

      In the hundred and sixtieth year came Alexander, the son of Antioch* and took Ptolemais, whose citizens received him and there he reigned. When Demetrius heard thereof, he gathered an exceeding great host, and went forth against him to fight. Wherefore Demetrius sent letters unto Jonathas with loving words, and praised him greatly. For he said: We will first make peace with him, before he bind himself with Alexander against us: Else he shall remember all the evil that we have done against him, his brother and his people. And so he Jonathas leave to gather an host, to make weapons, and to be confederate with him, and commanded the pledges that were in the castle, to be delivered unto him.
      Then came Jonathas to Jerusalem, and read the letters in the audience of all the people, and of them that were in the castle. And therefore were they sore afraid, because they heard, that the king had given him license to gather an host, Thus were the pledges delivered unto Jonathas, which restored them to their elders. Jonathas also dwelt at Jerusalem, and began to build up and repair the city: Commanding the workmen, to wall it, and the mount Sion round about with free stone, to be a stronghold, and so they did. As for the Heathen that were in the castles which Bachides had made up, they fled: so that every man left the place, and went into his own country. Only at Bethsura certain of the Jews, which had forsaken the law and the commandments of God, for Bethsura was their refuge.
      Now when king Alexander had heard of the promises that Demetrius had made unto Jonathas, and when it was told him of the battles and noble acts, which he and his brethren had done, and of the great travails that they had taken: he said: Where shall we find such a man? well, we will make him our friend, and be confederate with him. Upon this he wrote a letter unto him, with these words: King Alexander saluteth his brother Jonathas. We have heard of thee, that thou art a valiant man, and *mete to be our friend: *Wherefore this day we ordain thee to be the high Priest of thy people, and to be called the kings friend. ( Upon this, he sent him a purple clothing, and crown of gold ) that thou may consider what is for our profit, and keep friendship toward us.
      So in the seventh month of the hundred and sixtieth year, upon the solemn feast day of the tabernacles, Jonathas put the holy raiment upon him. Then gathered he a host, and made many weapons. Which when Demetrius heard, he was marvelous sorry, and said: Alas, what have we done, that Alexander hath prevented us in getting the friendship of the Jews, for his own defense? Yet will I write lovingly unto them also, yee and promise them dignities and rewards, that they may be of my side. Whereupon he wrote unto them these words: King Demetrius sendeth greeting unto the Jews. Whereas ye have kept your covenants toward us, and continued in our friendship, not inclining to our enemies, we were glad, when we heard thereof. Wherefore remain still, and be faithful unto us: and we well recompense you for the things, that ye have done on our party: we shall release you of many charges, and give you rewards. And now I discharge you and all the Jews from tributes, I forgive you the customs of salt, and release you from the crown taxes, and the third part of seed, and half of the fruit of the trees, which is mine own duty. these I leave for you, from this day forth: so that they shall not be taken of the land of Juda nor of the three *cities which are added thereunto out of Samaria and Galilee, from this day forth for evermore. Jerusalem also with all things belonging thereto, shall be holy and free, yee the tithes and tributes shall pertain unto it. As for the power of the castle which is at Jerusalem, I remit and give it unto the high priest, that he may set in it such men, as he shall choose to keep it. I freely deliver all the Jews that are prisoners throughout all my realm: so that every one of them shall be free from paying any tribute, yee even of their cattle.
      All the solemn feasts, Sabbaths, new moons, the days appointed, the three days before and after the feast shall be free for all the Jews in my realm: *so that in them no man shall have power to do any thing, or to move any business against any of them in any manner of cause. There shall thirty thousand also of the Jews, be written up in the kings host, and have their wages paid, as all other men of war of the kings should have: and of them shall be ordered certain, to keep the kings strongholds: yee and some of them shall be set over the kings business, that they may faithfully deal with the same. The Jews also shall have princes of their own, and walk in their own laws, as the king hath commanded in the land of Juda.
      And the three cities that are fallen unto Jewry from the country of Samaria and Galilee: shall be taken as Jewry, and be under one: neither be subject to any strange lord, but to the high priest. As for Ptolemais, and the land pertaining thereto, I give it unto the Sanctuary at Jerusalem, for the necessary expenses of the holy things. Moreover, I will give every year fifteen thousand *Siceles of silver out of the kings checker ( which pertaineth unto me ) to the work of the temple: yee and look what remaineth ( which they that had our matters in hand in times past, have not paid ) that same shall they shall give unto them also. Besides all this, the five thousand *siceles which they took yearly of the rents of the Sanctuary, shall belong unto the priests that do service.
      Item, whosoever they be that flee unto the temple at Jerusalem, or within the liberties thereof, where as they are fallen into the kings danger for any manner of business, they shall be pardoned, and all the goods that they have in my realm, shall be free. For the building also and repairing of the work of the Sanctuary, expenses shall be given out of the kings Checker: Yee and for the making of the walls round about Jerusalem, for the breaking down of the old, and the setting up of the strongholds in Jewry, shall the costs and charges be given out of the kings Checker.
      But when Jonathas and the people heard these words, they gave no credence unto them, neither received them: for they remembered the great wickedness that he had done unto Israel, and how sore he had vexed them. Wherefore they agreed unto Alexander, for he was a prince that had dealt friendly with them, and so they stood by him always. Then gathered king Alexander a great host, and brought his army against Demetrius. So the two kings struck battle together, but Demetrius host fled, and Alexander followed after, and fell upon them. A mighty sore field was it, continuing until the *Son went down, and Demetrius was slain the same day.
      And Alexander sent ambassadors unto Ptolemy the king of Egypt with these words, saying: Forasmuch as I am come again to my realm, and am set in the throne of my progenitors, and have gotten the dominion, overcomed Demetrius, conquered the land, and stricken the field with him, so that we have discomfited both him and his host, and sit in the throne of his kingdom: Let us now make a friendship together, give me thy daughter to wife: so shall I be thy son in law, and both give thee rewards, and her great dignity. Ptolomy the king gave answer, saying: Happy be the day wherein thou art come again to the land of thy *progenitors and set in the throne of their kingdom. As now will I fulfill thy writing: but meet me at Ptolemais, that we may see one another, and that I may marry my daughter unto thee according to thy desire.
      So Ptolomy went out of Egypt with his daughter *Cleopatra, and came unto Ptolemais in the hundred and sixty second year: where king Alexander met him, and he gave Alexander his daughter Cleopatra, and married them at Ptolemais with great worship, like as the manner of kings is to be. Then wrote king Alexander unto Jonathas, that he should come and meet him. So he went honorably to Ptolemais, and there he met the two kings, and gave them great presents of gold and silver, and found favor in their sight: And there came together against Jonathas certain wicked men and ungracious persons of Israel, making complaint of him, but the king regarded them not. As for Jonathas, the king commanded to take off his garments, and clothe him in purple: and so they did. Then the king appointed him sit by him, and said into his princes: Go with him into the midst of the city, and make proclamation, that no man complain against him of any matter, and that no man trouble him for any manner of cause.
      So it happened that when his accusers saw the worship which was proclaimed of him, and that he was clothed in purple: they fled every each one. And the king made much of him, wrote him among his chief friends, and made him a duke, and partaker of his dominion. Thus Jonathas went again to Jerusalem with peace and gladness. In the one hundred and sixty fifth year came Demetrius the son of Demetrius from *Crete into his fathers land: Whereof when Alexander heard tell, he was right sorry, and returned into Antioch. And Demetrius chose Apollonius (which had the governance of Celosyria) to be his captain.
      So he gathered a great host and camped in Jamnia, and sent unto Jonathas the high priest, saying: Darest thou withstand us thyself alone? As for me, I am but laughed to scorn and ashamed, because thou provest thy strength against us in the mountains. Now therefore if thou trustest in thine own strength, come down to us into the plain field, and there let us prove our strength together: thou shalt find, that I have valiant men of war with me: and shalt know whom I am, and the other that stand by me.
      Which say, that your foot is not able to stand before our face, for thy fathers were twice chased in to their own land. And now, how wilt thou be able to abide so great an host of horsemen and footmen in the field, whereas is neither rock, stone ner place to flee unto?
      When Jonathas heard the words of Apollonius, he was moved in his mind: wherefore he chose ten thousand men and went out of Jerusalem, and Simon his brother met him for to help him: And they pitched their tents at Joppa: but the city kept him forth, for Joppa was an hold of Apollonius. Then Jonathas laid siege to it, and they that were in the city, for very fear let him in: and so Jonathas won Joppa. Apollonius hearing of this, took three thousand horsemen, with a great host of foot, and went as though he would go to Azotus, and came immediately in to the plain field: because he had so many horsemen, and put his trust in them. So Jonathas followed upon him to Azotus, and there they struck battle. Now had Apollonius left a thousand horsemen behind them privily in the tents. And when Jonathas knew that such wait was layed behind them, they went round about the enemies host, and shot darts at the people from morning to the evening. As for Jonathas people, they kept their order as he had commanded them, and the enemies horses were ever laboring.
      Then brought Simon forth his host, and set them against the footmen. For the horsemen were weary already. So he discomfited them and they fled. And they that were scattered in the field, gat them to Azotus, and came into the temple of Dagon their Idol, that they might there save their lives. But Jonathas set fire upon Azotus, and all the cities round about it, and took their gods, and burnt up the temple of Dagon with all them that were fled into it.
      Thus there were slain and burnt well nigh eight thousand men. So Jonathas removed the host from thence, and brought them to Ascalon: where the men of the city came forth, and met him with great worship. After this went Jonathas and his host again unto Jerusalem, with great substance of good. And when king Alexander heard these things, he thought to do Jonathas more worship, and sent him a collar of gold, as the use is to be given unto such as are of the kings next blood. He gave him also the city of Accaron ( with the lands belonging thereto ) in possession.


Antioch* (kjv adds surnamed Epiphanes)
the commandments of God (kjv leaves out "of God") *mete (worthy )
* In all that I have read of the WORD of God, this is the first time that a Pagan king appoints an high Priest over Gods people. Note also the reason why. RN
*cities (kjv = governments) (*so that in them no man shall have power ; kjv=authority to meddle with or to molest any of them in any matter.) *siceles (shekels)
*progenitors (forefathers) *this is Son, the original writers made a difference between son and sun, spelling them sonne for son and sunne for sun. RN *Cleopatra, (this is not the Cleopatra of the movies, this one here is the 1st Cleopatra, whereas the Cleopatra of the movies is the 5th one.) *Crete (an island of Greece)




Chapter 11

      And the king of Egypt gathered an host ( like the sand that lieth upon the sea shore ) and many ships: and went about through deceit to obtain the kingdom of Alexander, and to join it unto his own realm. Upon this he took his journey into *Syra, and was letten into the cities, and men came forth to meet him: for king Alexander had commanded them so to do, because he was his father in law. Now when Ptolomy entered into any city, he left men of war to keep it, and this he did throughout all the cities. And when he came to Azotus, they showed him the temple of Dagon and Azotus that was burnt up, with the other things that were destroyed, the dead bodies that were cast abroad, and the graves that they had made up by the wayside, for such as were slain in the field: And told the king that Jonathas had done all these things, to the intent that they might get him evil will. But the king said not a word thereto. And Jonathas met the king with great honor at Joppa, where they saluted one another, and took their rest. So when Jonathas had gone with the king unto the water called Eleutherus, he turned again to Jerusalem. Now Ptolomy had gotten the dominion of the cities unto Seleucia upon the sea coast, imagining wicked counsels against Alexander, and sent ambassadors unto Demetrius, saying: Come, let us make a bond betwixt us, so shall I give thee my daughter that Alexander hath, and thou shalt reign in thy fathers kingdom. I repent that I gave Alexander my daughter, for he goeth about to slay me. And thus he *sclandered Alexander, because he would have his realm.
      Thus he took his daughter from him, gave her to Demetrius, and forsook Alexander, so that his malice was openly known. And Ptolomy came to Antioch, where he set two crowns upon his own head: the crown of Egypt and of Asia. In the mean season was king Alexander in Cilicia, for they that dwelt in those places, had rebelled against him. But when Alexander heard of this, he came to war against him. So king Ptolomy brought forth his host and met him with a mighty power, and chased him away. Then fled Alexander unto Araby, there to be defended, and king Ptolomys honor increased. And Zabdiel the Arabian smote off Alexanders head, and sent it unto Ptolomy. But the third day after, died king Ptolomy himself: and they whom he had set in the strong holds, were slain of those that were in the cities. And Demetrius reigned in the hundred sixty seventh year.
      At the same time gathered Jonathas them that were in Jewry to lay siege unto the castle which was at Jerusalem, and so they made many instruments of war against it. Then went there certain ungodly persons ( which hated their own people ) unto king Demetrius, and told him, that Jonathas besieged the castle. So when he heard it, he was angry, and Immediately came unto Ptolemais, and wrote unto Jonathas, that he should not lay siege to the castle, but come and speak with him in all haste. Nevertheless when Jonathas heard this he commanded to besiege it. He chose also certain of the elders and priests of Israel, and put himself in the peril, and took with him gold, silver, clothing and divers presents: and went to Ptolemais unto the king, and found him gracious.
      And though certain ungodly men of his own people made complaints against him, yet the king entreated him, like as his predecessors had done before: and promoted him in the sight of all his friends, and confirmed him in the high priesthood with all the worship that he had afore, and made him his chief friend. Jonathas also desired the king that he would make Jewry free, with the three head cities of Samaria and the lands pertaining thereto: upon this did Jonathas promise him three hundred talents. Where unto the king consented, and gave Jonathas writings of the same, containing these words. King Demetrius sendeth greeting unto his brother Jonathas, and to the people of the Jews. We send you here a copy of the letter which we did write unto our elder Lasthenus, concerning you, that ye should know it.
      King Demetrius sendeth greeting unto Lasthenus his elder. For the faithfulness that our friends the people keep unto us, and for the loving kindness which they beare toward us: We are determined to do them good. Wherefore we order all the coasts of Jewry with three cities, Lyda and Ramath (which are added unto Jewry from Samaria ) and all the lands pertaining there unto, to be freely separated for such as do sacrifice in Jerusalem, both concerning the payments which the king took yearly afore time, and the fruits also of the earth and trees. And as for other tithes and tributes that belonged to us, we discharge them thereof from this time forth. In like manner we grant unto them all the customs of salt and crown taxes which were brought unto us. And this freedom shall they have firm and steadfast, from this time forth for evermore. Therefore see that thou make a copy of these our letters, and deliver it unto Jonathas: that it may be kept upon the holy mount in a convenient place.
      After this, when Demetrius the king saw that his land was in rest, and that no resistance was made him: he sent away all his host every man to his own place, except an army of strangers, whom he brought from the Isles of the Heathen, wherefore all his fathers host had evil will at him. Now there was one Triphon ( that had been of Alexanders part afore ) which when he saw that all the host murmured against Demetrius: went to Emalcuel the Arabian ( that brought up Antiochus the son of Alexander ) And lay sore upon him, to deliver him this young Antiochus: that he might reign in his fathers stead. He told him also what great evil Demetrius had done, and how his men of war loved him not: and so remained there a long season.
      And Jonathas sent unto king Demetrius, to drive them out which were in the castle at Jerusalem and the other refugees for they did Israel great harm. So Demetrius sent word unto Jonathas, saying: I will not only do these things for thee and thy people, but at time convenient I will do both thee and thy people great worship. But now thou shalt do me a pleasure, if thou wilt send me men to help me: for all my army is gone from me. So Jonathas sent him three thousand strong men unto Antioch, and they came unto the king, wherefore the king was very glad at their coming. But they that were of the city ( even an hundred and twenty thousand men ) gathered them together, and would have slain the king, which fled into his court: and the citizens kept the streets of the city, and began to fight.
      Then the king called for the Jews help, which came unto him altogether, and went abroad through the city, and slew the same day an hundred thousand men: set fire upon the city, gat many spoils in that day, and delivered the king. So when the citizens saw that the Jews had gotten their will of the city, and they themselves disappointed of their purpose, they made their supplication to the king, saying: Grant us peace, and let the Jews cease from troubling us and the city, and upon this they cast away their weapons. Thus they made peace, and the Jews got great worship in the sight of the king, and in the sight of all that were in his realm, and were spoken of throughout the kingdom: and so they came again to Jerusalem with great goods.
      So the king Demetrius sat in the throne of his kingdom, and had peace in his land. Nevertheless he dissembled in all that ever he spake, and withdrew himself from Jonathas, neither rewarded him according to the benefits which he had done for him, but troubled him very sore. After this came Tryphon again with young Antiochus, which reigned and was crowned king. Then there gathered unto him all the men of war, whom Demetrius had put away: these fought against Demetrius, which fled and turned his back. So Tryphon took the Elephants, and won Antioch. And young Antiochus wrote unto Jonathas, saying: I confirm thee in thy priesthood, and make thee ruler of four countries, that thou mayest be a friend of the kings.
      Upon this he sent him golden vessels to be served in, and gave him leave to drink in gold, to be clothed in purple, and to wear a collar of gold, He made his brother Simon also captain, from the *coasts of Tyrus unto the borders of Egypt. Then Jonathas took his journey, and went through the cities beyond the water ( of Jordan ) and all the men of war of Syria gathered them unto him for to help him. So he came unto Ascalon, and they of the city received him honorably: and from thence he went unto Gaza, but they would not let him in: wherefore he laid siege unto it burning up and spoiling the places that where about the city.
      And the citizens of Gaza submitted themselves unto Jonathas, which made peace with them, but took of their sons to pledge, sent them to Jerusalem, and went through the country unto Damascus. Now when Jonathas heard that Demetrius princes were come into Cades, ( which is in Galilee ) with a great host, purposing to put Demetrius out from meddling in the realm: he came against him, and left Simon his brother in the land: which came to Bethsura, and laid siege to it a long season, and discomfited them. So they desired to have peace with him, which he granted them, and afterward put them out from thence, took the city, and set men to keep it. And Jonathas with his host, came to the water of Genesar, and bytimes in the morning they gat them to the plain field of *Azor.
      And behold, the hosts of Heathen met them in the field, and laid watch for them in the mountains: so that when Jonathas came against them, the other ( which were laid to watch ) rose out of their places, and fought, and they that were of Jonathass side, fled every man: and there was not one of them left, except Mathathias the son of Absalomus, and Judas the son of Calphi the captain of the host. Then Jonathas rent his clothes, and layed earth upon his head, made his prayer, and turned again to them in the field: where they fought together, and he put them to flight. Now when his own men that were fled, saw this: they turned again unto him, and helped him to follow upon all their enemies unto their tents at Cades. So there were slain of the Heathen the same day three thousand men, and Jonathas turned again unto Jerusalem.


*Syra, (kjv=Spain) *sclandered (scandal and slander) *coasts of Tyrus (kjv = place called The ladder of Tyrus) *Azor. (kjv =Nasor)


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