And he began to speak unto them in similitudes. A certain man
planted a vineyard, and compassed it with an hedge, and ordained a
wine press, and built a tower in it. And let it out to hire unto
husbandmen, and went into a strange country. And when the time was
come, he sent to the tenants a servant, that he might receive of the
tenants of the fruit of the vineyard. And they caught him and beat
him, and sent him again empty. And moreover he sent unto them
another servant, and at him they cast stones and brake his head, and
sent him again all to reviled. And again he sent another, and him
they killed: and many other, beating some, and killing some.
Yet had he one son whom he loved tenderly, him also he sent at
the last unto them saying they will fear my son. But the tenants
said amongst themselves: this is the heir: come let us kill him and
the inheritance shall be ours. And they took him and killed him, and
cast him out of the vineyard. What shall then the Lord of the
vineyard do? He will come and destroy the tenants, and let out the
vineyard to other. Have you not read this scripture? The stone which
the builders did refuse, is made the chief stone in the corner: this
was done of the Lord, and is marvellous in our eyes. And they went
about to take him, but they feared the people. For they perceived
that he spoke that similitude against them. And they left him and
went their way.
And they sent unto him certain of the Pharisees with Herodes
servants, to take him in his words. And as soon as they were come
they said unto him: master we know that you are true, and care for
no man: for you consider not the degree of men, but teach the way of
God truly: Is it lawful to pay tribute to Caesar, or not? Ought we
to give, or ought we not to give? He understood their simulation and
said unto them: Why tempt you me? Bring me a penny, that I may see
it. And they brought. And he said unto them: Whose is this image and
superscription? And they said unto him, Cesars. And Jesus answered
and said unto them: Then give to Cesar that which belongs to Cesar:
and to God, that which pertains to God. And they marvelled at him.
Then came the Saduces unto him, which say, there is no resurrection.
And they asked him saying: Master, Moses wrote unto us if any mans
brother die, and leave his wife behind him, and leave no children:
that then his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto
his brother. There were seven brethren: and the first took a wife,
and when he died left no seed behind him. And the second took her,
and died: neither left any seed. And the third likewise. And seven
had her and left no seed behind them. Last of all the wife died
also. In the resurrection then when they shall rise again: whose
wife shall she be of them? For seven had her to wife. Jesus answered
and said unto them: Are you not therefore deceived and understand
not the scriptures, neither the power of God? For when they shall
rise again from death, they neither marry, nor are married: but are
as the angels which are in heaven. As touching the dead, that they
shall rise again: have you not read in the book of Moses, how in the
bush God spoke unto him saying: I am the God of Abraham, and God of
Isaac, and the God of Jacob? He is not the God of the dead, but the
God of the living. you are therefore greatly deceived.
And there came one of the Scribes that had heard them disputing
together, and perceived that he had answered them well, and asked
him: Which is the first of all the commandments? Jesus answered him:
the first of all the commandments is: Hear Israel: The Lord God, is
one Lord. And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart,
and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your
strength. This is the first commandment. And the second is like unto
this: You shall love your neighbor as your self. There is none other
commandment greater than these.
And the Scribe said unto him: well master, you have said the
truth, that there is one God, and that there is none but he. And to
love him with all the heart, and with all the mind, and with all the
soul, and with all the strength: and to love a mans neighbor as
himself, is a greater thing than all burnt offerings and sacrifices.
And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him:
You are not far from the kingdom of God. And no man after that,
durst ask him any question.
And Jesus answered and said, teaching in the temple: how say
the Scribes that Christ is the son of David? for David himself
inspired with the holy ghost, said: The Lord said to my Lord, sit on
my right hand, till I make your enemies your footstool. Then David
himself calls him Lord: and by what means is he then his son? And
much people heard him gladly.
And he said unto them in his doctrine: beware of the Scribes
which love to go in long clothing: and love salutations in the
market places, and the chief seats in the synagogues, and to sit in
the uppermost rooms at feasts, and devour widows houses, and that
under colour of long praying. These shall receive greater damnation.
And Jesus sat over against the treasury, and beheld how the
people put money into the treasury. And many that were rich cast in
much. And there came a certain poor widow, and she threw in two
mites, which make a farthing. And he called unto him his disciples
and said unto them: Verily I say unto you, that this poor widow has
cast more in, than all they which have cast into the treasury. For
they all did cast in of their *superfluity: but she of her poverty,
did cast in all that she had, even all her living.
And as he went out of the temple, one of his disciples said
unto him: Master, see what stones, and what buildings are here. And
Jesus answered and said unto him: See you these great buildings?
There shall not be left one stone upon another, that shall not be
thrown down. And as he sat on mount Olivet, over against the temple,
Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew asked him secretly: tell us,
when shall these things be? And what is the sign when all these
things shall be fulfilled? And Jesus answered them, and began to
say: take heed least any man deceive you. For many shall come in my
name saying: I am Christ, and shall deceive many.
When you shall hear of war and tidings of war, be you not
troubled. For such things must needs be. But the end is not yet. For
there shall nation arise against nation, and kingdom against
kingdom. And there shall be earth quakes in all quarters, and
famishment and troubles. These are the beginning of sorrows. But
take you heed to yourselves. For they shall bring you up to the
councils and into the synagogues, and you shall be beaten: yea and
shall be brought before rulers and kings for my sake, for a
testimonial unto them. And the Gospel must first be published among
But when they lead you and present you take no thought
beforehand what you shall say, neither imagine: but whatsoever is
given you at the same time, that speak. For it shall not be you that
shall speak, but the holy ghost. Yea and the brother shall deliver
the brother to death, and the father the son, and the children shall
rise against their fathers and mothers, and shall put them to death.
And you shall be hated of all men for my names sake. But whosoever
shall endure unto the end, the same shall be safe.
Moreover when you see the abomination that betokens desolation,
whereof is spoken by Daniel the prophet, stand where it ought not,
let him that reads understand. Then let them that be in *Jurie, flee
to the mountains. And let him that is on the house top, not descend
down into the house, neither enter therein, to fetch anything out of
his house. And let him that is in the field, not turn back again
unto those things which he left behind him, for to take his clothes
with him. Woe is then to them that are with child, and to them that
give suck in those days. But pray, that your flight be not in the
winter. For there shall be in those days such tribulation, as was
not from the beginning of creatures which God created unto this
time, neither shall be. And except that the Lord should shorten
those days, no man should be saved. But for the elects sake, which
he has chosen, he has shortened those days.
And then, if any man say to you: lo, here is Christ: lo, he is
there, believe not. For false Christs shall arise, and false
prophets, and shall show miracles and wonders, to deceive if it were
possible, even the elect. But take you heed: behold I have showed
you all things before.
Moreover in those days, after that tribulation, the sun shall wax
dark, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars of heaven
shall fall: and the powers which are in heaven, shall move. And then
shall they see the son of man coming in the clouds, with great power
and glory. And then shall he send his angels, and shall gather
together his elect from the four winds, and from the one end of the
world to the other.
Learn a similitude of the fig tree. When his branches are yet
tender, and has brought forth leaves, you know that summer is near.
So in like manner when you see these things come to pass:
understand, that it is near even at the doors. Verily I say unto
you, that this generation shall not pass, till all these things be
done. Heaven and earth shall pass, but my words shall not pass. But
of the day and the hour knows no man: no not the Angels which are in
heaven: neither the son himself, save the father only.
Take heed, watch and pray, for you know not when the time is.
As a man which is gone into a strange country, and has left his
house, and given authority to his servants, and to every man his
work, and commanded the porter to watch. Watch therefore, for you
know not when the master of the house will come, whether at evening
or at midnight, whether at the cock crowing or in the dawning: least
if he come suddenly, he should find you sleeping. And that I say
unto you, I say unto all men, watch.
After two days followed *ester, and the days of sweet bread.
And the high Priests and the Scribes sought means how they might
take him by craft and put him to death. But they said: not in the
feast day, least any business arise among the people.
When he was in Bethania, in the house of Simon the leper, even
as he sat at meat, there came a woman having an alabaster box of
ointment called *nard, that was pure and costly: and she brake the
box and poured it on his head. And there were some that were not
content in themselves, and said: what needed this waste of ointment?
For it might have been sold for more then three hundred pence and
been given unto the poor. And they grudged against her.
And Jesus said: let her be in rest, why trouble you her? She
has done a good work on me. For you shall have poor with you all
ways: and whensoever you will you may do them good: but me you shall
not have always. She has done that she could: she came before hand
to anoint my body to his burying ward. Verily I say unto you:
wheresoever this Gospel shall be preached through out the whole
world: this also that she has done, shall be rehearsed in
remembrance of her.
And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went away unto the high
Priests, to betray him unto them. When they heard that, they were
glad, and promised that they would give him money. And he sought,
how he might conveniently betray him.
And the first day of sweet bread, when men offer the *paschal
lamb, his disciples said unto him: where will you that we go and
prepare, that you may eat the ester lamb? And he sent forth two of
his disciples, and said unto them: Go you into the city, and there
shall a man meet you bearing a pitcher of water, follow him. And
*whither soever he goes in, say you to the good man of the house,
the master asks where is the guest chamber, where I shall eat the
*ester lamb with my disciples? And he will show you a great parlour,
paved and prepared: there make ready for us. And his disciples went
forth and came to the city and found as he had said unto them: and
made ready the ester lamb.
And at evening he came with the twelve. And as they sat at
board and ate, Jesus said: Verily I say unto you: that one of you
shall betray me which eats with me. And they began to mourn, and to
say to him one by one: is it I? And another said: is it I? He
answered and said unto them: It is one of the twelve and the same
dips with me in the platter. The son of man goes, as it is written
of him: but woe be to that man, by whom the son of man is betrayed.
Good were it for him, if that man had never been born.
And as they ate, Jesus took bread, blessed and brake and gave
to them and said: Take, eat, this is my body. And he took the cup,
gave thanks, and gave it to them, and they all drank of it. And he
said unto them: This is my blood of the new Testament which is shed
for many. Verily I say unto you: I will drink no more of this fruit
of the vine, until that day, that I drink it new in the kingdom of
God. And when they had said grace: they went out to mount olivet.
And Jesus said unto them: All you shall be offended through me
this night. For it is written: I will smite the shepherd, and the
sheep shall be scattered. But after that I am risen again, I will go
into Galile before you. Peter said unto him: And though all men
should be offended, yet would not I. And Jesus said unto him: Verily
I say unto you, this day, even in this night, before the cock crow
twice, you shall deny me three times. And he spoke bolder: no, if I
should die with you, I will not deny you. Likewise also said they
And they came into a place named Gethsemani. And he said to his
disciples: Sit you here while I go apart and pray. And he took with
him Peter, James and John, and he began to wax abashed and to be in
an agony and said unto them: My soul is very heavy even unto the
death, tarry here and watch. And he went forth a little and fell
down on the ground and prayed: that if it were possible, the hour
might pass from him. And he said: Abba father, all things are
possible unto you take away this cup from me. Nevertheless not that
I will: but that you will, be done.
And he came and found them sleeping, and said to Peter: Simon,
sleep you? Could not you watch with me one hour? watch ye, and pray
least you enter into temptation, the spirit is ready, but the flesh
is weak. And again he went away and prayed, and spoke the same
words. And he returned and found them asleep again for their eyes
were heavy: neither *wist they what to answer him. And he came the
third time, and said unto them: sleep from this time forth, and take
your ease, it is enough. The hour is come, behold the son of man
shall be delivered into the hands of sinners. Rise up, let us go. Lo
he that betrays me, is at hand.
And immediately while he yet spoke, came Judas one of the
twelve, and with him a great number of people with swords and staves
from the high Priests and Scribes and elders. And he that betrayed
him had given them a general token saying: whosoever I do kiss, he
it is: take him and lead him away warily. And as soon as he was
come, he went straightway to him, and said unto him: master, master,
and kissed him. And they laid their hands on him, and took him. And
one of them that stood by, drew out a sword, and smote a servant of
the high Priest, and cut off his ear.
And Jesus answered and said unto them: you be come out as unto
a thief with swords and with staves, for to take me. I was daily
with you in the temple teaching, and you took me not: but that the
scriptures should be fulfilled. And they all forsook him and ran
away. And there followed him a certain young man, clothed in linen
upon the bare, and the young men caught him, and he left his linen
and fled from them naked. And they led Jesus away to the highest
Priest of all: and to him came all the high Priests, and the elders,
and the Scribes. And Peter followed him a great way off even into
the palace of the high priest, and sat with the servants, and warmed
himself at the fire.
And the high Priests and all the council sought for witness
against Jesu, to put him to death and found none. Yet many bare
false witness against him, but their witness agreed not together.
And there arose certain and brought false witness against him,
saying. We heard him say: I will destroy this temple made with
hands, and within three days I will build another, made without
hands. But their witness agreed not together.
And the highest Priest stood up amongst them, and asked Jesus
saying: answer you nothing? How is it that these bear witness
against you? And he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the
highest Priest asked him, and said unto him: are you Christ the son
of the blessed? And Jesus said: I am. And you shall see the son of
man sit on the right hand of power, and come in the clouds of
heaven. Then the highest priest rent his clothes and said: what need
we any further of
witness? you have heard the blasphemy, what think ye? And they all
gave sentence that he was worthy of death. And some began to spit at
him, and to cover his face, and to beat him with fists, and to say
unto him, *arede unto us. And the servants buffeted him on the face.
And as Peter was beneath in the palace, there came one of the
wenches of the highest priest: and when she saw Peter warming
himself, she looked on him, and said: was not you also with Jesus of
Nazareth? And he denied it saying: I know him not, neither *wot I
what you say. And he went out into the porch, and the cock crew. And
a damsel saw him: and again began to say to them that stood by, this
is one of them. And he denied it again. And at once after, they that
stood by, said again to Peter: surely you are one of them, for you
are of Galile, and your speech agrees thereto. And he began to curse
and to swear saying: I know not this man of whom you speak. And
again the cock crew, and Peter remembered the word that Jesus said
unto him: before the cock crow twice, you shall deny me three times,
and began to weep.
spelling; may have been changed to be Easter later in the “bibles of
man” *paschal lamb: lamb of the first passover in Egypt. *ester is
the exact spelling :see above. *wist (knew) .*arede: may be
from;"arid" meaning unto us you are lifeless, we have no feeling for
you. *wot (know) *anon (shortly)
And at once in the dawning the high Priests held council with
the elders and the Scribes, and the whole congregation and bound
Jesus and led him away, and delivered him to Pilate. And Pilate
asked him: are you the king of the Jews? And he answered and said
unto him: you say it. And the high priests accused him of many
things. Wherefore Pilate asked him again saying: Answer you nothing?
Behold how many things they lay unto your charge. Jesus yet answered
never a word, so that Pilate marvelled.
At that feast Pilate was wont to deliver at their pleasure a
prisoner: whomsoever they would desire. And there was one named
Barabas, which lay bound with them that made insurrection, and in
the insurrection committed murder. And the people called unto him,
and began to desire according as he had ever done unto them. Pilate
answered them and said: Will you that I loose unto you the king of
the Jews? For he knew that the high Priests had delivered him of
envy. But the high priests had moved the people that he should
rather deliver Barabas unto them.
And Pilate answered again, and said unto them: What will you
then that I do with him whom you call the king of the Jews? And they
cried again: crucify him. Pilate said unto them: What evil has he
done? And they cried the more fervently: Crucify him. And so Pilate
willing to content the people, loosed them Barabas, and delivered
Jesus when he had scourged him, for to be crucified.
And the soldiers led him away into the common hall, and called
together the whole multitude, and they clothed him with purple, and
they plaited a crown of thorns and crowned him with all, and began
to salute him: Hail king of the Jewes. And they smote him on the
head with a reed, and spat upon him, and worshipped him.
And when they had mocked him, they took the purple off him, and
put his own clothes on him and led him out, to crucify him. And they
compelled one that passed by, called Simon of Cyrene (which came out
of the field, and was father of Alexander and Rufus) to bear his
cross. And they brought him to a place named Golgotha (which is by
interpretation, the place of dead mens skulls) and they gave him to
drink, wine mingled with myrrh, but he received it not.
And when they had crucified him, they parted his garments,
casting lots for them, what every man should have. And it was about
the third hour, and they crucified him. And the title of his cause
was written: The king of the Jews. And they crucified with him two
thieves: the one on the right hand, and the other on his left. And
the scripture was fulfilled which says: he was counted among the
And they that went by railed on him: wagging their heads and
saying: A wretch, that destroyed the temple, and builded it in three
days: save yourself, and come down from the cross. Likewise also
mocked him the high Priests among themselves with the Scribes and
said, he saved other men, himself he cannot save. Let Christ the
king of Israel now descend from the cross, that we may see and
believe. And they that were crucified with him, checked him also.
And when the sixth hour was come, darkness arose over all the
earth, until the ninth hour. And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with
a loud voice saying: Eloi, Eloi, lamaasabathani, which is if it be
interpreted: my God, my God, why have you forsaken me? And some of
them that stood by, when they heard that, said: behold he calls for
*Helias. And one ran and filled a sponge full of vinegar, and put it
on a reed, and gave him to drink, saying: let him alone, let us see
whether *Helias will come and take him down.
But Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the Ghost. And
the veil of the temple did rent in two pieces, from the top to the
bottom. And when the Centurion which stood before him, saw that he
so cried and gave up the ghost, he said: truly this man was the son
of God. There were also women a good way off beholding him: among
whom was Mary Magdalen, and Mary the mother of James the little, and
of Joses, and Mary Salome: which also when he was in Galile,
followed him and ministered unto him, and many other women which
came up with him to Jerusalem.
And now when night was come (because it was the even that goes
before the saboth) Joseph of Arimathia a noble Councillor which also
looked for the kingdom of God, came and went in boldly unto Pilate,
and begged the body of Jesu. And Pilate marvelled that he was
already dead, and called unto him the Centurion, and asked of him,
whether he had been any while dead. And when he knew the truth of
the Centurion, he gave the body to Joseph. And he bought a linen
cloth, and took him down, and wrapped him in the linen cloth, and
laid him in a tomb that was hewn out of the sepulchre. And Mary
Magdalene and Mary Joses beheld where he was laid.
(shortly, early) *Helias (Elias)
And when the Saboth day was past, Mary Magdalen, and Mary
Jacoby, and Salome, bought odors, that they might come and anoint
him. And early in the morning the next day after the Saboth day,
they came unto the sepulchre, when the sun was risen. And they said
one to another: who shall roll us away the stone from the door of
the sepulchre? And when they looked, they saw how the stone was
rolled away: for it was a very great one. And they went into the
sepulchre, and saw a young man sitting on the right side, clothed in
al white garment, and they were abashed. And he said unto them, be
not afraid: you seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucified. He is
risen, he is not here. Behold the place, where they put him. But go
your way, and tell his disciples, and namely Peter: he will go
before you into Galile: there shall you see him, as he said unto
you. And they went quickly and fled from the sepulchre. For they
trembled and were amazed. Neither said they any thing to any man,
for they were afraid. When Jesus was risen the morrow after the
Saboth day, he appeared first to Mary Magdalen, out of whom he cast
seven devils. And she went and told them that were with him, as they
mourned and wept. And though they heard that he was alive and he had
appeared to her, they believed it not. After that, he appeared unto
two of them in a strange figure, as they walked and went into the
country. And they went and told it to the remnant. And they believed
After that, he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat:
and cast in their teeth their unbelief and hardness of heart:
because they believed not them which had seen him after his
resurrection. And he said unto them: Go you into all the world, and
preach the glad tidings to all creatures, he that believes and is
baptised, shall be saved. But he that believes not, shall be damned.
And these signs shall fellow them that believe. In my name they
shall cast out devils, and shall speak with new tongues, and shall
kill serpents. And if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt
them. They shall lay their hands on the sick, and they shall
So then when the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received
into heaven, and sat him down on the right hand of God. And they
went forth, and preached everywhere. And the Lord wrought with them,
and confirmed the word with miracles that followed.
Here ends the
Gospel of St Mark
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