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The Gospel of St Mark

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The 12th Chapter

     And he began to speak unto them in similitudes. A certain man planted a vineyard, and compassed it with an hedge, and ordained a wine press, and built a tower in it. And let it out to hire unto husbandmen, and went into a strange country. And when the time was come, he sent to the tenants a servant, that he might receive of the tenants of the fruit of the vineyard. And they caught him and beat him, and sent him again empty. And moreover he sent unto them another servant, and at him they cast stones and brake his head, and sent him again all to reviled. And again he sent another, and him they killed: and many other, beating some, and killing some.
     Yet had he one son whom he loved tenderly, him also he sent at the last unto them saying they will fear my son. But the tenants said amongst themselves: this is the heir: come let us kill him and the inheritance shall be ours. And they took him and killed him, and cast him out of the vineyard. What shall then the Lord of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the tenants, and let out the vineyard to other. Have you not read this scripture? The stone which the builders did refuse, is made the chief stone in the corner: this was done of the Lord, and is marvellous in our eyes. And they went about to take him, but they feared the people. For they perceived that he spoke that similitude against them. And they left him and went their way.
     And they sent unto him certain of the Pharisees with Herodes servants, to take him in his words. And as soon as they were come they said unto him: master we know that you are true, and care for no man: for you consider not the degree of men, but teach the way of God truly: Is it lawful to pay tribute to Caesar, or not? Ought we to give, or ought we not to give? He understood their simulation and said unto them: Why tempt you me? Bring me a penny, that I may see it. And they brought. And he said unto them: Whose is this image and superscription? And they said unto him, Cesars. And Jesus answered and said unto them: Then give to Cesar that which belongs to Cesar: and to God, that which pertains to God. And they marvelled at him. Then came the Saduces unto him, which say, there is no resurrection. And they asked him saying: Master, Moses wrote unto us if any mans brother die, and leave his wife behind him, and leave no children: that then his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. There were seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and when he died left no seed behind him. And the second took her, and died: neither left any seed. And the third likewise. And seven had her and left no seed behind them. Last of all the wife died also. In the resurrection then when they shall rise again: whose wife shall she be of them? For seven had her to wife. Jesus answered and said unto them: Are you not therefore deceived and understand not the scriptures, neither the power of God? For when they shall rise again from death, they neither marry, nor are married: but are as the angels which are in heaven. As touching the dead, that they shall rise again: have you not read in the book of Moses, how in the bush God spoke unto him saying: I am the God of Abraham, and God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living. you are therefore greatly deceived.
     And there came one of the Scribes that had heard them disputing together, and perceived that he had answered them well, and asked him: Which is the first of all the commandments? Jesus answered him: the first of all the commandments is: Hear Israel: The Lord God, is one Lord. And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength. This is the first commandment. And the second is like unto this: You shall love your neighbor as your self. There is none other commandment greater than these.
     And the Scribe said unto him: well master, you have said the truth, that there is one God, and that there is none but he. And to love him with all the heart, and with all the mind, and with all the soul, and with all the strength: and to love a mans neighbor as himself, is a greater thing than all burnt offerings and sacrifices. And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him: You are not far from the kingdom of God. And no man after that, durst ask him any question.
     And Jesus answered and said, teaching in the temple: how say the Scribes that Christ is the son of David? for David himself inspired with the holy ghost, said: The Lord said to my Lord, sit on my right hand, till I make your enemies your footstool. Then David himself calls him Lord: and by what means is he then his son? And much people heard him gladly.
     And he said unto them in his doctrine: beware of the Scribes which love to go in long clothing: and love salutations in the market places, and the chief seats in the synagogues, and to sit in the uppermost rooms at feasts, and devour widows houses, and that under colour of long praying. These shall receive greater damnation.
     And Jesus sat over against the treasury, and beheld how the people put money into the treasury. And many that were rich cast in much. And there came a certain poor widow, and she threw in two mites, which make a farthing. And he called unto him his disciples and said unto them: Verily I say unto you, that this poor widow has cast more in, than all they which have cast into the treasury. For they all did cast in of their *superfluity: but she of her poverty, did cast in all that she had, even all her living.


 *superfluity: excess, overabundance




The 13th Chapter

     And as he went out of the temple, one of his disciples said unto him: Master, see what stones, and what buildings are here. And Jesus answered and said unto him: See you these great buildings? There shall not be left one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down. And as he sat on mount Olivet, over against the temple, Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew asked him secretly: tell us, when shall these things be? And what is the sign when all these things shall be fulfilled? And Jesus answered them, and began to say: take heed least any man deceive you. For many shall come in my name saying: I am Christ, and shall deceive many.
     When you shall hear of war and tidings of war, be you not troubled. For such things must needs be. But the end is not yet. For there shall nation arise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. And there shall be earth quakes in all quarters, and famishment and troubles. These are the beginning of sorrows. But take you heed to yourselves. For they shall bring you up to the councils and into the synagogues, and you shall be beaten: yea and shall be brought before rulers and kings for my sake, for a testimonial unto them. And the Gospel must first be published among all nations.
     But when they lead you and present you take no thought beforehand what you shall say, neither imagine: but whatsoever is given you at the same time, that speak. For it shall not be you that shall speak, but the holy ghost. Yea and the brother shall deliver the brother to death, and the father the son, and the children shall rise against their fathers and mothers, and shall put them to death. And you shall be hated of all men for my names sake. But whosoever shall endure unto the end, the same shall be safe.
     Moreover when you see the abomination that betokens desolation, whereof is spoken by Daniel the prophet, stand where it ought not, let him that reads understand. Then let them that be in *Jurie, flee to the mountains. And let him that is on the house top, not descend down into the house, neither enter therein, to fetch anything out of his house. And let him that is in the field, not turn back again unto those things which he left behind him, for to take his clothes with him. Woe is then to them that are with child, and to them that give suck in those days. But pray, that your flight be not in the winter. For there shall be in those days such tribulation, as was not from the beginning of creatures which God created unto this time, neither shall be. And except that the Lord should shorten those days, no man should be saved. But for the elects sake, which he has chosen, he has shortened those days.
     And then, if any man say to you: lo, here is Christ: lo, he is there, believe not. For false Christs shall arise, and false prophets, and shall show miracles and wonders, to deceive if it were possible, even the elect. But take you heed: behold I have showed you all things before.
Moreover in those days, after that tribulation, the sun shall wax dark, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars of heaven shall fall: and the powers which are in heaven, shall move. And then shall they see the son of man coming in the clouds, with great power and glory. And then shall he send his angels, and shall gather together his elect from the four winds, and from the one end of the world to the other.
     Learn a similitude of the fig tree. When his branches are yet tender, and has brought forth leaves, you know that summer is near. So in like manner when you see these things come to pass: understand, that it is near even at the doors. Verily I say unto you, that this generation shall not pass, till all these things be done. Heaven and earth shall pass, but my words shall not pass. But of the day and the hour knows no man: no not the Angels which are in heaven: neither the son himself, save the father only.
     Take heed, watch and pray, for you know not when the time is. As a man which is gone into a strange country, and has left his house, and given authority to his servants, and to every man his work, and commanded the porter to watch. Watch therefore, for you know not when the master of the house will come, whether at evening or at midnight, whether at the cock crowing or in the dawning: least if he come suddenly, he should find you sleeping. And that I say unto you, I say unto all men, watch.


 *Jurie (Jewry),




The 14th Chapter

     After two days followed *ester, and the days of sweet bread. And the high Priests and the Scribes sought means how they might take him by craft and put him to death. But they said: not in the feast day, least any business arise among the people.
     When he was in Bethania, in the house of Simon the leper, even as he sat at meat, there came a woman having an alabaster box of ointment called *nard, that was pure and costly: and she brake the box and poured it on his head. And there were some that were not content in themselves, and said: what needed this waste of ointment? For it might have been sold for more then three hundred pence and been given unto the poor. And they grudged against her.
     And Jesus said: let her be in rest, why trouble you her? She has done a good work on me. For you shall have poor with you all ways: and whensoever you will you may do them good: but me you shall not have always. She has done that she could: she came before hand to anoint my body to his burying ward. Verily I say unto you: wheresoever this Gospel shall be preached through out the whole world: this also that she has done, shall be rehearsed in remembrance of her.
     And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went away unto the high Priests, to betray him unto them. When they heard that, they were glad, and promised that they would give him money. And he sought, how he might conveniently betray him.
     And the first day of sweet bread, when men offer the *paschal lamb, his disciples said unto him: where will you that we go and prepare, that you may eat the ester lamb? And he sent forth two of his disciples, and said unto them: Go you into the city, and there shall a man meet you bearing a pitcher of water, follow him. And *whither soever he goes in, say you to the good man of the house, the master asks where is the guest chamber, where I shall eat the *ester lamb with my disciples? And he will show you a great parlour, paved and prepared: there make ready for us. And his disciples went forth and came to the city and found as he had said unto them: and made ready the ester lamb.
     And at evening he came with the twelve. And as they sat at board and ate, Jesus said: Verily I say unto you: that one of you shall betray me which eats with me. And they began to mourn, and to say to him one by one: is it I? And another said: is it I? He answered and said unto them: It is one of the twelve and the same dips with me in the platter. The son of man goes, as it is written of him: but woe be to that man, by whom the son of man is betrayed. Good were it for him, if that man had never been born.
     And as they ate, Jesus took bread, blessed and brake and gave to them and said: Take, eat, this is my body. And he took the cup, gave thanks, and gave it to them, and they all drank of it. And he said unto them: This is my blood of the new Testament which is shed for many. Verily I say unto you: I will drink no more of this fruit of the vine, until that day, that I drink it new in the kingdom of God. And when they had said grace: they went out to mount olivet.
     And Jesus said unto them: All you shall be offended through me this night. For it is written: I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered. But after that I am risen again, I will go into Galile before you. Peter said unto him: And though all men should be offended, yet would not I. And Jesus said unto him: Verily I say unto you, this day, even in this night, before the cock crow twice, you shall deny me three times. And he spoke bolder: no, if I should die with you, I will not deny you. Likewise also said they all.
     And they came into a place named Gethsemani. And he said to his disciples: Sit you here while I go apart and pray. And he took with him Peter, James and John, and he began to wax abashed and to be in an agony and said unto them: My soul is very heavy even unto the death, tarry here and watch. And he went forth a little and fell down on the ground and prayed: that if it were possible, the hour might pass from him. And he said: Abba father, all things are possible unto you take away this cup from me. Nevertheless not that I will: but that you will, be done.
     And he came and found them sleeping, and said to Peter: Simon, sleep you? Could not you watch with me one hour? watch ye, and pray least you enter into temptation, the spirit is ready, but the flesh is weak. And again he went away and prayed, and spoke the same words. And he returned and found them asleep again for their eyes were heavy: neither *wist they what to answer him. And he came the third time, and said unto them: sleep from this time forth, and take your ease, it is enough. The hour is come, behold the son of man shall be delivered into the hands of sinners. Rise up, let us go. Lo he that betrays me, is at hand.
     And immediately while he yet spoke, came Judas one of the twelve, and with him a great number of people with swords and staves from the high Priests and Scribes and elders. And he that betrayed him had given them a general token saying: whosoever I do kiss, he it is: take him and lead him away warily. And as soon as he was come, he went straightway to him, and said unto him: master, master, and kissed him. And they laid their hands on him, and took him. And one of them that stood by, drew out a sword, and smote a servant of the high Priest, and cut off his ear.
     And Jesus answered and said unto them: you be come out as unto a thief with swords and with staves, for to take me. I was daily with you in the temple teaching, and you took me not: but that the scriptures should be fulfilled. And they all forsook him and ran away. And there followed him a certain young man, clothed in linen upon the bare, and the young men caught him, and he left his linen and fled from them naked. And they led Jesus away to the highest Priest of all: and to him came all the high Priests, and the elders, and the Scribes. And Peter followed him a great way off even into the palace of the high priest, and sat with the servants, and warmed himself at the fire.
     And the high Priests and all the council sought for witness against Jesu, to put him to death and found none. Yet many bare false witness against him, but their witness agreed not together. And there arose certain and brought false witness against him, saying. We heard him say: I will destroy this temple made with hands, and within three days I will build another, made without hands. But their witness agreed not together.
     And the highest Priest stood up amongst them, and asked Jesus saying: answer you nothing? How is it that these bear witness against you? And he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the highest Priest asked him, and said unto him: are you Christ the son of the blessed? And Jesus said: I am. And you shall see the son of man sit on the right hand of power, and come in the clouds of heaven. Then the highest priest rent his clothes and said: what need we any further of
witness? you have heard the blasphemy, what think ye? And they all gave sentence that he was worthy of death. And some began to spit at him, and to cover his face, and to beat him with fists, and to say unto him, *arede unto us. And the servants buffeted him on the face.
     And as Peter was beneath in the palace, there came one of the wenches of the highest priest: and when she saw Peter warming himself, she looked on him, and said: was not you also with Jesus of Nazareth? And he denied it saying: I know him not, neither *wot I what you say. And he went out into the porch, and the cock crew. And a damsel saw him: and again began to say to them that stood by, this is one of them. And he denied it again. And at once after, they that stood by, said again to Peter: surely you are one of them, for you are of Galile, and your speech agrees thereto. And he began to curse and to swear saying: I know not this man of whom you speak. And again the cock crew, and Peter remembered the word that Jesus said unto him: before the cock crow twice, you shall deny me three times, and began to weep.


*ester: exact spelling; may have been changed to be Easter later in the “bibles of man” *paschal lamb: lamb of the first passover in Egypt. *ester is the exact spelling :see above. *wist (knew) .*arede: may be from;"arid" meaning unto us you are lifeless, we have no feeling for you. *wot (know) *anon (shortly)




The 15th Chapter

     And at once in the dawning the high Priests held council with the elders and the Scribes, and the whole congregation and bound Jesus and led him away, and delivered him to Pilate. And Pilate asked him: are you the king of the Jews? And he answered and said unto him: you say it. And the high priests accused him of many things. Wherefore Pilate asked him again saying: Answer you nothing? Behold how many things they lay unto your charge. Jesus yet answered never a word, so that Pilate marvelled.
     At that feast Pilate was wont to deliver at their pleasure a prisoner: whomsoever they would desire. And there was one named Barabas, which lay bound with them that made insurrection, and in the insurrection committed murder. And the people called unto him, and began to desire according as he had ever done unto them. Pilate answered them and said: Will you that I loose unto you the king of the Jews? For he knew that the high Priests had delivered him of envy. But the high priests had moved the people that he should rather deliver Barabas unto them.
     And Pilate answered again, and said unto them: What will you then that I do with him whom you call the king of the Jews? And they cried again: crucify him. Pilate said unto them: What evil has he done? And they cried the more fervently: Crucify him. And so Pilate willing to content the people, loosed them Barabas, and delivered Jesus when he had scourged him, for to be crucified.
     And the soldiers led him away into the common hall, and called together the whole multitude, and they clothed him with purple, and they plaited a crown of thorns and crowned him with all, and began to salute him: Hail king of the Jewes. And they smote him on the head with a reed, and spat upon him, and worshipped him.
     And when they had mocked him, they took the purple off him, and put his own clothes on him and led him out, to crucify him. And they compelled one that passed by, called Simon of Cyrene (which came out of the field, and was father of Alexander and Rufus) to bear his cross. And they brought him to a place named Golgotha (which is by interpretation, the place of dead mens skulls) and they gave him to drink, wine mingled with myrrh, but he received it not.
     And when they had crucified him, they parted his garments, casting lots for them, what every man should have. And it was about the third hour, and they crucified him. And the title of his cause was written: The king of the Jews. And they crucified with him two thieves: the one on the right hand, and the other on his left. And the scripture was fulfilled which says: he was counted among the wicked.
     And they that went by railed on him: wagging their heads and saying: A wretch, that destroyed the temple, and builded it in three days: save yourself, and come down from the cross. Likewise also mocked him the high Priests among themselves with the Scribes and said, he saved other men, himself he cannot save. Let Christ the king of Israel now descend from the cross, that we may see and believe. And they that were crucified with him, checked him also.
     And when the sixth hour was come, darkness arose over all the earth, until the ninth hour. And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice saying: Eloi, Eloi, lamaasabathani, which is if it be interpreted: my God, my God, why have you forsaken me? And some of them that stood by, when they heard that, said: behold he calls for *Helias. And one ran and filled a sponge full of vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink, saying: let him alone, let us see whether *Helias will come and take him down.
     But Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the Ghost. And the veil of the temple did rent in two pieces, from the top to the bottom. And when the Centurion which stood before him, saw that he so cried and gave up the ghost, he said: truly this man was the son of God. There were also women a good way off beholding him: among whom was Mary Magdalen, and Mary the mother of James the little, and of Joses, and Mary Salome: which also when he was in Galile, followed him and ministered unto him, and many other women which came up with him to Jerusalem.
     And now when night was come (because it was the even that goes before the saboth) Joseph of Arimathia a noble Councillor which also looked for the kingdom of God, came and went in boldly unto Pilate, and begged the body of Jesu. And Pilate marvelled that he was already dead, and called unto him the Centurion, and asked of him, whether he had been any while dead. And when he knew the truth of the Centurion, he gave the body to Joseph. And he bought a linen cloth, and took him down, and wrapped him in the linen cloth, and laid him in a tomb that was hewn out of the sepulchre. And Mary Magdalene and Mary Joses beheld where he was laid.


*anon (shortly, early) *Helias (Elias)




The 16th Chapter

     And when the Saboth day was past, Mary Magdalen, and Mary Jacoby, and Salome, bought odors, that they might come and anoint him. And early in the morning the next day after the Saboth day, they came unto the sepulchre, when the sun was risen. And they said one to another: who shall roll us away the stone from the door of the sepulchre? And when they looked, they saw how the stone was rolled away: for it was a very great one. And they went into the sepulchre, and saw a young man sitting on the right side, clothed in al white garment, and they were abashed. And he said unto them, be not afraid: you seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucified. He is risen, he is not here. Behold the place, where they put him. But go your way, and tell his disciples, and namely Peter: he will go before you into Galile: there shall you see him, as he said unto you. And they went quickly and fled from the sepulchre. For they trembled and were amazed. Neither said they any thing to any man, for they were afraid. When Jesus was risen the morrow after the Saboth day, he appeared first to Mary Magdalen, out of whom he cast seven devils. And she went and told them that were with him, as they mourned and wept. And though they heard that he was alive and he had appeared to her, they believed it not. After that, he appeared unto two of them in a strange figure, as they walked and went into the country. And they went and told it to the remnant. And they believed them neither.
     After that, he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat: and cast in their teeth their unbelief and hardness of heart: because they believed not them which had seen him after his resurrection. And he said unto them: Go you into all the world, and preach the glad tidings to all creatures, he that believes and is baptised, shall be saved. But he that believes not, shall be damned.
     And these signs shall fellow them that believe. In my name they shall cast out devils, and shall speak with new tongues, and shall kill serpents. And if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them. They shall lay their hands on the sick, and they shall recover.
     So then when the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received into heaven, and sat him down on the right hand of God. And they went forth, and preached everywhere. And the Lord wrought with them, and confirmed the word with miracles that followed.

Here ends the Gospel of St Mark

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