The 1st Chapter
After the death of Josua the
children of Israel asked the Lord saying: Who shall go up first unto
the Cananites to fight against them? And the Lord said: Juda shall
go up: behold I have delivered the land into his hands. Then Juda
said unto Simeon his brother: come with me into my lot, and let us
fight against the Cananites: And I likewise will go with thee into
thy lot. And so Simeon went with him.
And Juda went up, and the Lord delivered the Cananites and
Pheresites into their hands. And they slew of them in Bezek ten
thousand men. And they found Adonibezek in Bezek. And they fought
against him, and slew the Cananites and Pherisites. But Adonibezek
fled, and they followed after him, and caught him, and cut off his
thumbs and his great toes. Then Adonibezek said: three score and ten
kings having their thumbs and great toes cut off, gathered their
meat under my table wherefore as I have done so God hath done to me
again. And they brought him to Jerusalem, and there he died.
The children of Juda fought against Jerusalem and took it, and
smote it with the edge of the sword, and set the city on fire. And
after that the children of Juda went even to fight against the
Cananites that dwelt in the mountain, in the south, and in the low
country. And Juda went unto the Cananites that dwelt in Hebron,
which before time was called Kariath Arbe. And slew Sesai, Ahiman
and Thalmai. And from thence they went to the inhabiters of Dabir,
whose name in old time was called Kariathsepher.
And Caleb said: he that smiteth Kariathsepher, and taketh it,
to him will I give Acsah my daughter to wife. And Othoniel the son
of Kenez Calebs younger brother took it: to whom he gave Acsah his
daughter to wife, and as they went she counseled him to ask of her
father a field. And then she lighted I off her ass: and Caleb said
unto her: What aileth thee? She said unto him: give me a blessing:
for thou hast given me a Southward and a dry land, give me also
springs of water. And Caleb gave her springs both above and beneath.
And the children of the Kenite, Moses father in law, went up out of
the city of palm trees, with the children of Juda, into the
wilderness of Juda that lieth in the South of Arad, and dwelt among
And Juda went and Simeon with him, and they slew the Cananites
that inhabited Zephath, and utterly destroyed it, and called the
name of the city Hormah. And Juda took Azah with the coasts thereof,
and Askalon with the coasts thereof, and Akaron with the coasts
thereof. And the Lord was with Juda that he conquered the mountains,
but they could not drive out the inhabiters of the valleys, because
they had chariots of iron. And they gave Hebron unto Caleb as Moses
said. And he expelled thence the three sons of Enack.
And the children of BenJamin did not cast out the Jebusites
that inhabited Jerusalem, but the Jebusites dwell with the children
of BenJamin in Jerusalem unto this day.
And in like manner the house of Joseph went up to Bethel and
the Lord with them, and the house of Joseph searched out Bethel
which before time was called Lus. And the spies saw a man come out
of the city and they said unto him shew us the way into the city.
And we will shew thee mercy. And he showed them the way into the
city, and they smote it with the edge of the sword, but let the man
and all his household go free. And the man went into the land of the
Hethites, and built a city and called the name thereof Lus which is
the name thereof unto this day.
Neither did Manasses expel Bethsean with her towns, neither
Thaanach with her towns, neither the inhabiters of Dor with her
towns, neither the inhabiters of Jeblaam with her towns, neither the
inhabiters of Magedo with her towns, and so the Cananites went to
and dwelt in the said land. But as soon as Israel was waxed mighty,
they put the Cananites to tribute: but expelled them not.
In like manner Ephraim expelled not the Cananites that dwelt
in Gazer, but the Cananites dwelt still in Gazer among them.
Neither did Zabulon expel the inhabiters of Ketron, neither
the inhabiters of Nahalol: but the Cananites dwelt among them and
Neither did Aser cast out the inhabiters of Acho, neither the
inhabiters of Zidon, of Ahalab, Aczib, Halbah, Aphek, nor of Rohob,
but the Aserites dwelt among the Cananites the inhabiters of the
land, and drove them not out.
Neither did Nephthalim drive out the enhabitors of Bethsames,
nor the inhabiters of Bethanath, but dwelt amongst the Cananites the
inhabiters of the land. Nevertheless the inhabiters of Bethsames,
and of Bethanath became tributaries unto them.
And the Amorites kept the children of Dan in the mountains,
and suffered them not the come down to the valleys. And so the
Amorites went and dwelled in mount Heres in Hailon and in Galabim.
Neverthelater the hand of Joseph waxed heavy upon them, so that they
became tributaries. And the coasts of the Amorites was from the
going up to Acrabim, and from the rock upward.
The 2nd Chapter
And the angel of the Lord came
up from Galgal to Bocim, and said, I brought you out of Egypt and
have brought you unto the land which I sware unto your fathers. And
I said that I would never break my appointment with you, but ye
should have made no covenant with the inhabiters of this land, ye
should have broken down their altars: but ye have not obeyed my
voice: why have ye this done? Wherefore I have likewise determined
that I will not cast them out before you: abut they shall be in the
sides of you, and their Gods shall be snares unto you. And when the
angel of the Lord had spoken these words unto all the children of
Israel, the people cried out and wept. And called the name of the
said place, Bocim, and offered there unto the Lord.
And when Jonua had sent the people away, the children of
Israel went every man into his inheritance to possess the land. And
the people served the Lord all the days of Josua, and all the days
of the elders that outlived Josua, and had seen all the great works
of the Lord that he did to Israel. And Josua the son of Nun the
servant of the Lord died when he was an hundred and ten years old:
whom they buried in the coasts of his inheritance: even in Thamnath
hares in mount Ephraim on the north side of the hill Gaas. And even
so all that generation were put unto their fathers, and there arose
another generation after them which neither knew the Lord, nor yet
the works which he did unto Israel.
And then the children of Israel did wickedly in the sight of
the Lord, and served Baalim, and forsook the Lord God of their
fathers, which brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed
strange Gods, even of the Gods of the nations that were round about
them, and bowed themselves unto them, and angered the Lord. And so
they forsook the Lord and served Baal and Astharoth. Wherefore the
Lord waxed angry with Israel, and delivered them unto the hands of
raveners to spoil them and sold them into the hands of their enemies
round about them, so that they had no power any longer to stand
before their enemies. But unto whatsoever thing they went, the hand
of the Lord was upon them with evil luck, even as the Lord promised
them, and as he sware unto them. And they were sore vexed.
Nevertheless the Lord raised up Judges, which delivered them
out of the hands of their oppressors, and yet for all that they
would not hearken unto their Judges: But went a whoring after
strange Gods and bowed themselves unto them, and turned quickly out
of the way which their fathers walked in obeying the commandments of
the Lord, and did not so.
And when the Lord raised them up Judges, he was with the
Judge, and delivered them out of the hands of their enemies all the
days of the Judge: for the Lord had compassion over their sorrowings
which they had by the reason of them that oppressed them and vexed
them: yet for all that as soon as the judge was dead they turned and
did worse than their fathers in following strange Gods, and in
serving them, and ceased not from their inventions nor from their
Wherefore the Lord was angry with Israel and said: because
this people hath transgressed mine appointment which I commanded
their fathers and have not obeyed my voice, therefore henceforth I
will not cast out one man before them of the nations which Josua
left when he died, and that to prove Israel through them whether
they will keep the way of the Lord to walk therein as their fathers
did or not. And so the Lord left those nations alone, and drove them
not out immediately, neither delivered them into the hands of Josua.
The 3rd Chapter
These are the nations which the
Lord left to tempt Israel: even as many of Israel as had not known
all the wars of Canaan: Only for the learning of the generation of
the children of Israel: which before knew nothing of war, he left
the five Lords of the Philistines, and all the Cananites, the
Sidonites, the Hevites that dwelt in mount Libanon: even from mount
Baal Hermon unto Hemath. Those remained to prove Israel by, to wete
whether they would hearken unto the commandments of the Lord, which
he commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.
And as the children of Israel dwell among the Cananites,
hethites, Amorites, Pheresites, Hevites, and Jebusites, they took
the daughters of them to be their wives, and gave their own
daughters to their sons, and served their Gods. And so the children
of Israel did wickedly in the sight of the Lord and forgot the Lord
their God and served Baalim and Aseroth. Therefore the Lord was
angry with Israel and delivered them into the hands of Chusan
Rasathaim King of Mesopotamia. So that the children of Israel served
Chusan Rasathaim eight years.
And the children of Israel cried unto the Lord. And the Lord
stirred them up a saver and saved them: one Othoniel the son of
Kenes, Calebs younger brother. And the spirit of the Lord came upon
him. And he judged Israel, and went out to war. And the Lord sold
Chusan Rasathaim King of Mesopotamia into his hand. So that his hand
was mighty over Chusan Rasathaim. And the land had rest forty years.
And Othoniel the son of Kenes died. And then the children of Israel
went to again, and committed wickedness in the sight of the Lord.
And then the Lord hardened Eglon the King of the Moabites, against
the children of Israel, because they had committed wickedness before
the Lord. And this Eglon gathered unto him the children of Ammon,
and the Amalekites, and went and smote the children of Israel, and
conquered the city of Palm trees. And the children of Israel served
Eglon the King of the Moabites eighteen years. And then they cried
unto the Lord. And the Lord stirred them up a saver, Ahud the son of
Gera, the son of Jemini, a man that could do nothing handsomely with
his right hand.
By whom the children of Israel sent a present unto Eglon the
king of the Moabites which Ahud made him a dagger with two edges, of
a cubit length, and he did gird it under his coat upon his right
thigh and carried the present unto Eglon the King of the Moabites,
which Eglon was a very fat man. And when he had presented the
present, he sent the people that bare it away, but he himself turned
again from the Idols by Galgal, and said: I have a secret unto thee
O King: and the King commanded him to hold his peace until all that
stood about him, were gone out from him.
And Ahud came in unto him in a summer parlor, which he had
several unto himself alone, and said: I have a message unto thee
from God. And he arose out of his seat. And Ahud put forth his left
hand and took the dagger from his right thigh and thrust it into his
belly, so that the haft went in after the blade. And the haft
stopped in the fat, for he drew not the dagger out of his belly. And
the dirt came out. But Ahud gat him out at a *postern door and shut
the doors of the parlor upon him and locked them.
When he was gone out, his servants came and looked. And
behold, the doors of the parlor were locked. And they said, Ah, he
is doing of his easement in his summer chamber. And when they had
tarried till they were ashamed, for no man did the doors of the
parlor open: then they took a key and opened them. And behold their
Lord was fallen down dead, unto the earth. But Ahud escaped while
they tarried and was gone beyond the Idols and escaped into Seirath.
And when he was come he blew a trumpet in mount Ephraim. And
the children of Israel went down with him off the hill and he before
them. And he said unto them, follow me: for the Lord hath delivered
your enemies, the Moabites into your hands. And they descended after
him and took the passages of Jordan from the Moabites, and suffered
not a man to pass over. And they slew of the Moabites, the same time
upon a ten thousand men, all fat, and men of might: that there
escaped not a man, and so the Moabites were subdued that day, under
the hands of Israel: and the land had rest eighty years.
And after him came Samgar the son of Anath, which slew of the
Philistines six hundred men with an ox *goad, and delivered Israel
*postern (back) *goad: pointed stick used to prod animals.
The 4th Chapter
And the children of Israel began
again to do wickedly in the sight of the Lord, when Ahud was dead.
And the Lord sold them into the hands of Jabin King of Canaan, that
reigned in Hazer, whose captain of war was Sisara, which dwelt in
Haroseth of the gentiles. And the children of Israel cried unto the
Lord: for he had nine hundred chariots of iron, he oppressed the
children of Israel with power twenty years.
And Debora a Prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth judged Israel
the same time, and dwelt under the palm tree of Debora, between
Ramath and Bethell, in mount Ephraim.
And the children of Israel came to her for judgement. And she
sent and called Barak the son of Abinoam, out of Kedes Nephthalim,
and said unto him.
The Lord God of Israel commandeth thee, that thou go and draw
to mount Thabor and take with thee ten thousand men, of the children
of Nephthalim and of the children of Zabulon. And I will bring unto
the river Kison Sisara, the Captain of war unto Jabin, with his
chariots, and his people, and will deliver them into thine hands.
And Barak said unto her, if thou wilt go with me, I will go: But and
if thou wilt not go with me, then I will not go. And she answered, I
will surely go with thee, but then the praise shall not be thine in
the way which thou goest, for the Lord shall deliver Sisara into the
hands of a woman. And she arose and went with Barak to Kedes. And
Barak called Zabulon and Nephthalim to Kedes. And he went up afoot
with ten thousand men: and Debora went with him.
But Heber the kenite was removed out of Kin, which was of the
children of Hobab the father in law of Moses, and pitched his tent
until he was come unto the Oak of Zaanaim, by Kedes.
And then it was showed unto Sisara how that Barak the son of
Abinoam was gone up to mount Thabor. And Sisara called for all his
chariots, even nine hundred chariots of iron, and for all the people
that he had, from Haroseth of the gentiles unto the river of Kison.
Then said Debora unto Barak: up, for this is the day in which the
Lord hath delivered Sisara into thine hands: for the Lord is gone
out before thee. And so Barak went down from mount Thabor, and ten
thousand men after him.
But the Lord trounced Sisara and all his chariots and all his
host with the edge of the sword, before Barak. And Sisara lighted
down off his chariot and fled afoot. But Barak followed after the
chariots and after the host, even unto Haroseth of the gentiles. And
all the host of Sisara fell upon the edge of the sword, that there
was not a man left. Howbeit, Sisara fled afoot to the tent of Jael
the wife of Haber the kenite: for there was peace between Jabin the
king of Hazor, and the household of Haber the Kenite.
And Jael went out against Sisara and said unto him: turn in my
lord, turn into me and fear not. And he turned into her tent: and
she covered him with a mantle. And he said unto her, give me a
little water to drink, for I am thirsty. And she opened a bottle of
milk and gave him drink and covered him. And he said unto her, stand
in the door of thy tent, and if any man come and ask thee, or
enquire of thee whether there be any man here, say nay.
Then Jael Habers wife took a nail of the tent, and an hammer
in her hand, and went softly unto him, and smote the nail through
the temples of his head into the ground, as he slumbered being
weary: And so he died.
And behold as Barak followed after Sisara, Jael came out
against him, and said unto him: come and I will show thee the man
whom thou seekest. And when he came into her tent: Behold, Sisara
lay dead, and the nail through his temples. And so God brought Jabin
the king of Canaan into subjection that day, before the children of
Israel. And the hand of the children of Israel prospered and was
sore upon Jabin the king of Canaan, until they had brought him to
The 5th Chapter
Then Debora and Barak the son of
Abinoam sang the same day: saying Praise the Lord in them that were
willing while other sat still in Israel. Hear kings and hearken
Lords, I will sing, and give praise unto the Lord God, of Israel.
Lord when thou departed out of Seir and camest from the fields
of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heaven rained, and the clouds
dropped water: the mountains melted before the Lord, even mount
Sinai before the Lord God of Israel.
In the days of Samgar the son of Anath and in the days of Jael,
the high ways were unoccupied. And they that walked by paths, went
by ways that set compasses about. The villages were uninhabited in
Israel, were uninhabited: until I Debora arose until I arose a
mother in Israel.
God chose new fashions of war, for when they had war at their
gates: there was not seen among forty thousand, either shield or
spear in Israel. Mine heart loveth the maintainers of the law in
Israel, that are willing among the people. Bless the Lord ye that
ride on goodly Asses and sit in judgment. And ye that walk by the
ways make *ditties.
Now the archers did cry, where men draw water, there shall
they tell of the justice of the Lord, and of the justice of his
uplandish folk in Israel. And then the people of the Lord went down
unto the gates.
Up up Debora, up up and sing a song, up Barak, and take thy
prey, thou son of Abinoam. Then they that had escaped, reigned over
the proudest of the people. The Lord reigneth over the strong.
Ephraim was the first against Amalek, and after them BenJamin,
among the people.
Of Machir came learned men in the law, and of Zabulon that
well could draw with the pen of a scribe.
The lords of Isacar were with Debora. And as Barak, even so
was Isacar sent into the valley afoot. But in the divisions of
Ruben, were great imaginations of heart.
Wherefore abodest thou among the sheepfolds, to hear the
bleatings of the flocks. In the divisions of Ruben, great were the
imaginations of heart. Galaad abode on the other side Jordan, and
why tarried Dan in ships. And Aser sat in the havens of the sea, and
abode still in his own coasts. Zabulon is a people that put their
lives in jeopardy of death, and Nephthalim in like manner, even unto
the top of the fields. Kings came and fought. Then fought the King
of Canaan at Thanach, upon the water of Magedo. But the silver that
they coveted, they carried not away.
From heaven came battle: for the stars being in their course,
fought against Sisara. The river of Kison caught them away: that
ancient river the river Kison.
My soul: tread thou the mighty underfoot. Then they mauled the
horses legs, that their mighty coursers left prancing.
Curse Meres bade the angel of the Lord, Curse, Curse the
inhabiters thereof because they came not forth to help the Lord, to
help the Lord among the mighty.
Blessed be Jael the wife of Haber the Kenite, above other
women: above other women blessed be she in the tent.
He asked water, but she gave him milk, and brought butter in a
goodly dish. She caught a nail in her left hand, and a working
hammer in her right, and nailed Sisara and wounded his head and
pierced and went through his temples. Between her feet he bowed
himself, fell down and lay still: Between her feet he bowed himself
and fell. And whither he bowed himself, thither he fell brought to
Through a window looked Sisaras mother and howled through a
lattice, why abideth his chariot so long, that it cometh not, why
tarry the wheels of his wagons? The wisest of her ladies answered
her: yea and she answered her own words herself, haply, they have
found, and divide the spoil. A maid, yea two maids for a piece: a
spoil of divers colors for Sisara, a spoil of divers colors with
broidered works, divers colored broidered works for the neck for a
prey. So, perish all thine enemies Lord: but they that love thee,
let them be as the sun rising in his might.
And the land had rest forty years.
*ditties. *simple song.
The 6th Chapter
And the children of Israel
committed wickedness in the sight of the Lord. And the Lord
delivered them into the hands of the Madianites seven years. And
when the hand of the Madianites was sore upon Israel, the children
of Israel made them dens in the mountains and caves and strong
holds. For when Israel had sown then came the Madianites the
Amalekites and they of the East country upon them and pitched their
tents against them and destroyed the increase of the earth even unto
Azah, and left no sustenance in Israel, neither sheep, ox or ass,
for they came with their cattle and households even as grasshoppers
in multitude: so that both they and also their camels were without
number. And they entered the land to destroy it. And so was Israel
exceedingly impoverished by the Madianites and cried unto the Lord.
And when the children of Israel cried unto the Lord because of the
Madianites, the Lord sent a prophet unto them, and said unto them:
Thus saith the Lord God of Israel: I fetched you from Egypt and
brought you out of the house of bondage and I rid you out of the
hand of the Egyptians and out of the hands of all that oppressed
you, and cast them out before you, and gave you their lands. And I
said unto you, I am the Lord your God, and therefore fear not the
Gods of the Amorites in whose land you dwell. But you have not
obeyed my voice. And the Angel of the Lord came and sat under an Oak
in Ephrah, that pertained unto Joas the father of the Eserits. And
his son Gedeon pressed out wheat out of the ears in a press, for to
flee from the Madianites. And the angel of the Lord appeared unto
him, and said: the Lord is with thee, thou man of might. And Gedeon
answered him: O' my Lord, if the Lord be with us, why is all this
come upon us: yea and where be his miracles which our fathers told
us of and said, the Lord brought us out of Egypt. But now the Lord
hath forsaken us, and delivered us into the hands of the Madianites.
And the Lord looked upon him and said: Go hence in this thy might
and deliver Israel out of the hands of the Madianites: Behold I have
sent thee: And he answered him: O' Lord wherewith should I save
Israel? Behold my kindred is the poorest in Manasses, and I am the
least in my fathers house. But then the Lord said unto him: I will
be with thee: and thou shalt smite the Madianites, as they were but
one man. And he answered him, if I have found grace in thy sight,
then show me a sign, that thou art the Lord that talked with me.
Depart not hence until I come again unto thee and bring mine
offering, and have set it before thee.
And he said I will tarry until thou come again. And Gedeon
went and made ready a kid, and sweet cakes of an Epha of flour, and
put the flesh in a basket and the broth in a pot, and brought it out
unto him under the Oak and presented it. And the angel of God said
unto him: take the flesh and the sweet cakes and put them upon this
rock, and pour out the broth. And he did so. Then the angel of the
Lord put forth the end of the staff that was in his hand and touched
the flesh and the cakes. And there arose up fire out of the rock and
consumed the flesh and the cakes. And the angel of the Lord vanished
out of his sight. And when Gedeon perceived that it was an angel, he
said: Alas my Lord Jehovah, that I have seen an angel of the Lord
face to face. And the Lord said unto him, peace be with thee and
fear not, for thou shalt not die. Then Gedeon made an altar there
unto the Lord and called it Jehovah Salom, which unto this day is
yet in Ephrah that pertaineth unto the father of the Eserites. And
the same night the Lord said unto him, take an ox of thy fathers and
another of seven years old, and destroy the altar of Baal that
belongeth unto thy father, and cut down the grove that is about it,
and make an altar unto the Lord thy God upon the top of this rock
and furnish it. And take the second ox and offer burnt sacrifice
with the wood of the grove which thou shalt have cut down. Then
Gedeon took ten men of his servants and did as the Lord bade him.
But because he durst not do it by day for fear of his fathers
household and of the men of the city, he did it by night.
When the men of the city were up early in the morning: Behold
the altar of Baal was broken, and the grove that stood about it cut
down. And the second ox offered upon the altar that was made. And
they said one to another, who hath done this thing, and they
enquired and asked. And it was told them that Gedeon the son of Joas
had done it. Then the men of the city said unto Joas, bring out thy
son that he may die, because he hath broken the altar of Baal, and
cut down the grove that was about it. And Joas said unto all that
stood by him, will ye fight for Baal, or will ye be his defenders:
he that striveth for him shall die this morning. If he be a God let
him strive with him that cast down his altar. And he called Gedeon
Jerobaal the same time saying: let Baal strive with him because he
hath broken down his altar.
When all the Madianites, the Amalekites and they of the East,
were gathered together and had gone and pitched in the valley of
Jerael: the spirit of the Lord entered into Gedeon. And he blew a
trumpet and called Abiezer to follow him, and sent messengers
throughout all Manasses and called them up to follow him also. And
he sent messengers unto Aser, Zabulon and Nephthalim, which came
also to meet him.
And Gedeon said unto God: if thou wilt save Israel by my hand
as thou hast said. Behold I will put a fleece of wool in the
threshing place. And if the dew be on the fleece only, and dry upon
all the earth beside: then I shall be sure that thou wilt save
Israel by my hand as thou saidest. And it came to pass. And he rose
up early on the morrow, and he thrust the fleece together and wrung
the dew thereout and filled a bowl of water. And Gedeon said unto
God, be not angry with me, that I speak once more, let me prove only
once again with the fleece. Let it be dry only upon the fleece, and
dew upon all the ground about. And God did so that same night: so
that it was dry upon the fleece only, and on all the ground about,
Chapter 1-6 |
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