The 1527 Original Word of God In English


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The First Book of Samuel

also called the First Book of the Kings


Chapters 1-7 | 8-13 | 14-17 | 18-24 | 25-end | Next Book


The 14th Chapter

      And it fell on a day, that Jonathas the son of Saul said unto his young man that bare his harness: come and let us go over to the watchmen of the Philistines that are yonder on the other side, and told not his father. But Saul tarried in the utmost part of Gabaah under a pomegranate tree, that was in Magron, and the people that were with him were upon a six hundred men. And Ahiah the son of Ahitob Ichabods brother, the son of Phinehes, the son of Eli, was the Lords priest in Siloh and bare an Ephod. But the people knew not that Jonathas was gone.
      And in the way over by which Jonathas sought to go over unto the garrison of the philistines, were there two sharp rocks, even one on the one side, and the other one the other side: the one called Bozez, and the other Seneh. And the one leaneth northward toward Machmas, and the other southward toward Gabaah. Then said Jonathas to the young man that bare his harness: come and let us go over unto the standing of these uncircumcised, peradventure the Lord will work with us: for the Lord is free to save with many or with few. And his harness bearer said unto him do all that is in thine heart: set thee forward: and see I am with thee, as thine heart lusteth. Then said Jonathas: behold when we go over unto the men, and show ourselves unto them: if they say on this wise to us: tarry until we come to you, then we will stand still where we be and not go up unto them. But and if they so say unto us: come up unto us, then we will go up, for the Lord hath delivered them into our hands. And this shall be a sign unto us. And when they had both showed themselves unto the garrison of the Philistines, the Philistines said: see, the Hebrews come out of the holes where they had hid themselves in. And the men of the garrison answered Jonathas and his harness bearer and said: come up to us, and we will show you a thing. Then said Jonathas unto his harness bearer: come up after me, for the Lord hath delivered them into the hands of Israel. And Jonathas *clame upon hands and feet, and his harness bearer after him. Then they fell before Jonathas: and his harness bearer slew them after him. And that first slaughter which Jonathas and his harness bearer made was upon a twenty men, within the compass as it were about an half acre of land. And there was a fear in the host that was in the field, and among all the people: insomuch that they that kept the hold, and they that were gone to rob, were afraid also: and the earth trembled and there was a fear sent of God. And the watchmen of Saul in Gabaah Benjamin, saw. And behold, the people scattered and ran hither and thither. Then said Saul unto the people that was with him: number and see who is gone away from us. And when they had told: behold, Jonathas and his harness bearer were not there. And then Saul said unto Ahia: bring hither the ark of God. For the ark of God was at the time with the children of Israel. And while Saul talked unto the priest, the people that were in the host of the philistines, ran more and more. And Saul said unto the priest: withdraw thine hand. And Saul cried and all the people that were with him, and went to battle. And behold every mans sword was against his fellow, with a mighty great slaughter. Moreover the Hebrews that were with the Philistines before that time, and were come with them in all parts of the host, they turned to Israel that was with Saul and Jonathas. And they also which had hid themselves in mount Ephraim, as soon as they heard how that the Philistines were fled, they followed after them in battle. And so God help Israel that day. And the battle continued until they came unto Bethaven.
      And the men of Israel joined themselves together that day: and Saul adjured the people saying: Cursed be he that eateth any food until night, that I may be avenged of mine enemies. And so there was none of the people that tasted any sustenance. And all the land came to a wood where honey lay upon the ground. And when the people were come into the wood: Behold, the honey dropped. How be it there was no man that moved his hand to his mouth, because that the people feared the curse. But Jonathas heard not when his father adjured the people, wherefore he put forth the end of the staff that was in his hand, and dipped it in an honey comb, and put his hand to his mouth, and his eyes received sight. Then spake one of the people and said: thy father adjured the people saying: Cursed be the man that eateth any sustenance this day, and yet the people were fainty. Then said Jonathas: my father hath troubled the land: for see, mine eyes hath received sight, because I tasted a little of this honey: how then if all the people had eaten of the spoil of their enemies which they found, had there not been then a much greater slaughter among the Philistines? And they laid on the Philistines that day, from Machmas to Aialon. And the people were exceeding fainty.
      Then the people gat them to the spoil and took sheep oxen and calves, and slew them on the ground and did eat with the blood. Then men told Saul saying: Behold the people sin against the Lord, in that they eat with the blood. And he said: ye have trespassed. But roll a great stone unto me now, and go abroad among the people and bid them bring every man his ox and every man his sheep, and slay them here, and sin not against the Lord in eating with the blood. And the people brought every man his ox in his hand by night and slew them there. And Saul made an altar unto the Lord. And that was the first altar that he made unto the Lord. And Saul said: let us go down after the Philistines by night, and let us make havoc among them until it be day in the morning, and let us not leave one of them. And the people answered: do whatsoever thou thinkest best. Then said the priest: let us come hither unto God. And Saul asked of God: shall I go down after the Philistines? and wilt thou deliver them into mine hands? But he answered him not at that time. Then said Saul let the people come hither out of all quarters, and know and see, in whom this sin is chanced this day: for as truly as the Lord liveth which hath saved Israel, though it be in Jonathas my son, he shall die for it. But no man answered him of all the people.
       Then he said unto all Israel: be ye on one side, and I and Jonathas my son will be on another. And the people said unto Saul: what thou thinkest best that do. And Saul said unto the Lord God of Israel: give perfect knowledge. And Saul and Jonathas were caught, and the people escaped free. Then said Saul: cast lots between me and Jonathas my son. And Jonathas was caught. Then Saul said to Jonathas: tell me what thou hast done. And Jonathas told him and said: I tasted a little honey upon the end of my staff that was in mine hand, and see, I must die.
      Then said Saul God do so and so to me, except that thou die Jonathas. But the people said unto Saul: shall Jonathas die which hath so mightily help Israel? God forbid. As truly as the Lord liveth, there shall not one hair of his head fall to the ground: for he hath wrought with God this day. And so the people delivered Jonathas, that he died not. And then Saul departed from following the Philistines. And the Philistines went to their own place. And so Saul took the kingdom over Israel, and fought against all his enemies on every side: against the Moabites: against the children of Ammon: against the Edomites: against the kings of Zobah and against the Philistines. And whether so ever he turned himself, there he won, and played the man and slew the Amalekites, and rid Israel out of the hands of them that spoiled them. The sons of Saul were, Jonathas, Jesui, and Melchisua. And his two daughters were thus named: the elder was called Merob and the younger Michol. And the name of Sauls wife was Ahinoam the daughter of Ahimaaz. And the name of his chief captain was Abner the son of Ner Sauls uncle. And Cis was Sauls father. And Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel. And there was sore war with the Philistines, all the days of Saul. For wheresoever Saul saw a strong man, and an active, he took him unto him.


*clame (climbed)




The 15th Chapter

      Then said Samuel unto Saul: the Lord sent me to anoint thee King over his people Israel. Now therefore obey thou the voice of the words of the Lord. Thus saith the Lord of hosts: I have called to remembrance that which Amalek did to Israel how they lay in wait for them in the way, as they came out of Egypt. Now therefore go and smite the Amalekites, and only destroy ye all that pertaineth unto them, and see thou have no compassion on them. But slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, and ox, sheep, camel and Ass.
      And Saul told it the people, and numbered them in Telaim two hundred thousand footmen, and ten thousand men of Juda. And Saul came unto a city of the Amalekites, and fought in a valley. But Saul said unto the Kenites go and depart and get you down from among the Amalekites, lest I destroy you with them, for ye showed mercy with Israel when they came out of Egypt. And the Kenites departed from among the Amalekites.
      And Saul slew the Amalekites from Hevila to Sur that lieth before Egypt, and took Agag the King of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword. But Saul and the people spared Agag, and they left of the sheep and of the oxen and fat things and the lambs and all that was good, and would not destroy them. But all that was nought worth and *flaggy, that they destroyed utterly. Then came the word of the Lord unto Samuel saying: it repenteth me that I have made Saul king. For he is turned from me and hath not performed my commandments, wherefore Samuel was evil *apaid and cried unto the Lord all night. And Samuel rose early, to meet Saul in the morning. And it was told Samuel that Saul was come to Carmel, and had set him up a pillar of triumph. And was turned and departed and gone to Galgal.
       And when Samuel was come to Saul, Saul said unto him: Blessed be thou in the Lord. I have done the commandment of the Lord. And Samuel answered: what meaneth then the bleating of the sheep in mine ears, and the noise of the oxen which I hear? And Saul said: they have brought them from the Amalekites. For the people spared the best of the sheep and of the oxen, to sacrifice unto the Lord thy God. And the remnant we have destroyed.
      But Samuel said to Saul: cease and let me tell thee what the Lord hath said to me this night. And he said unto him: say on. And Samuel said when thou wast little in thine own sight, wast thou not made the head of the tribes of Israel? And the Lord anointed thee King over Israel. And then the Lord sent thee on a journey, and said unto thee, see that thou utterly destroy those sinners, the Amalekites and fight against them until ye have utterly destroyed them. And wherefore hast thou now not obeyed the voice of the Lord: But didst turn to the prey and hast wrought wickedness in the sight of the Lord?
      And Saul said unto Samuel: I have obeyed the voice of the Lord, and went the way which the Lord sent me, and have brought Agag the King of the Amalekites. And have utterly destroyed the Amalekites. And the people took of the spoil, sheep, oxen, and the chiefest of the things which should have been destroyed, to offer unto the Lord thy God in Galgal. Then said Samuel: hath the Lord as great pleasure in burnt sacrifices and offerings, as he hath that thou shouldest obey his voice? Behold, to obey is better than offering, and to give heed is better than the fat of rams. For rebelliousness is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is wickedness and Idolatry. Because therefore thou hast cast away the word of the Lord, therefore hath the Lord cast away thee also, from being King.
      Then said Saul to Samuel: I have sinned for I have trespassed the mouth of the Lord, and thy words, because I feared the people and obeyed their voice. But now take away my sin, and turn again with me, that I may worship the Lord. Then said Samuel unto Saul: I will not return with thee: for thou hast cast away the bidding of God, and therefore the Lord hath cast away thee also, that thou shalt not be King over Israel. And as Samuel turned to go away, he caught the lap of his coat, and it rent. Then Samuel said, the Lord hath rent the Kingdom of Israel from thee this day, and hath given it to a neighbour of thine that is better than thou. And thereto he that giveth victory to Israel, will not beguile nor repent: for he is not a man, that can repent.
      Then he said: I have sinned. But yet honour me before the elders of my people, and before Israel, and turn again with me, that I may pray unto the Lord thy God. And Samuel turned again and followed Saul. And Saul prayed unto the Lord. Then said Samuel: Bring ye hither to me, Agag the King of the Amalekites. And Agag came unto him delicately. And Agag said: truly the bitterness of death cometh on. And Samuel said: As thy sword hath made women childless, so shall thy mother be childless among other women. And so Samuel hewed Agag in pieces before the Lord in Galgal. And then Samuel departed to Ramath. And Saul went home to his house to Gabaah Saul. But Samuel came no more to see Saul until the day of his death. Nevertheless Samuel mourned for Saul, because the Lord repented that he had made him King over Israel.


*flaggy: tattered, not firm. *apaid: as in paid a visit




The 16th Chapter

      And then the Lord said unto Samuel: How long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing I have cast him away from reigning over Israel? fill an horn with ointment, and come: I will send thee to Isai the Bethlehemite, for I have spied me a King among his sons. But Samuel answered: how shall I go? for Saul shall hear it and will kill me. And the Lord said: Take an heifer with thee, and say thou goest to offer to the Lord. And call Isai to the offering, and I will show thee what thou shalt do: And thou shalt anoint him whom I say unto thee. And Samuel did as the Lord bade him. And when he came to Bethlehem, the elders of the town were astonied at his coming, and said: Betokeneth thy coming peace? and he said yee, for I am come to offer unto the Lord. Cleanse yourselves and come with me to the offering. And he purified Isai and his sons, and bade them to the offering. And when they were come, he looked on Eliab and said: the Lords anointed is before him. But the Lord said unto Samuel: look not on his fashion nor on the height of his stature, for I have refused him. Because it is not as man seeth. For man looketh on the outward appearance: but the Lord beholdeth the heart. Then Isai called Abinadab and made him come before Samuel. And he said: neither hath the Lord chosen this. Then Isai made Samah come, and he said: neither hath the Lord chosen him. Then made Isai seven of his sons come before Samuel. And Samuel said, the Lord hath chosen none of these.
      Then said Samuel to Isai: are here all thy children? and he said: the youngest is yet behind: Behold, he keepeth the sheep. Then Samuel said unto Isai: send and fetch him for we will not sit down, till he be come hither. And he sent and brought him in. And he was brown with goodly eyes, and well favoured in sight. And then the Lord said up and anoint him: for this is he. And Samuel took the horn with the ointment and anointed him in the presence of his brethren. And the spirit of the Lord came upon David, from that day forward. And Samuel rose up and went to Ramath.
      But the spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and an evil spirit sent of the Lord, vexed him. Then said his servants unto him: Behold, an evil spirit sent of God vexeth thee, let our Lord therefore command his servants to seek a man that is a cunning player with an harp. And then when the evil spirit sent of God, cometh upon thee, that he may play with his hand, and thou shalt be eased. And Saul said unto his servants: seek me a man that can well play, and bring him to me. Then answered one of his servants and said: Behold, I have seen a son of Isai the Bethelehemite, that can play upon instruments, and is an active fellow and a man of war and prudent and well made, and the Lord is with him, whereupon Saul sent messengers unto Isai and said: send me David thy son which is with the sheep. And Isai took an ass laden with bread, and a flacket of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son unto Saul. And David went to Saul and came before him, and he loved him very well, so that he was made his harness bearer. And Saul sent to Isai saying: let David remain with me, for he hath found favour in my sight. And when the spirit of God came upon Saul, David took an harp and played with his hand, and so Saul was refreshed, and did amend and the evil spirit departed from him.




The 17th Chapter

      The Philistines gathered their host to battle, and came together to Socoh in Juda, and pitched between Socoh and Azekah, in the end of Domim. And Saul and the men of Israel came and pitched in Oakdale and put themselves in array, to fight against the Philistines. And the Philistines stood on an hill on the one side, and Israel stood on an hill on the other side, and a valley between them. And then came a man and stood in the midst, out of the tents of the Philistines named Goliath of Geth, six cubits and a *handbreadth long, and had an helmet of brass upon his head, and a coat of mail about him. And the weight of his coat of mail was five thousand *Cickles, of brass. And he had harness of brass upon his legs, and a shield of brass upon his shoulders. And the shaft of his spear was like a weavers beam. And his spearhead weighed six hundred *sickles of iron. And one bearing a shield went before him.
       And he stood and called unto the host of Israel, and said unto them: what needeth that ye should come out in array to battle? am not I a Philistine, and you servants to Saul? Choose you a man, and let him come down to me, if he be able to fight with me and to beat me, then we will be your servants. But if I can overcome him and beat him: then ye shall be our servants and serve us. And the Philistine said: I have defied the host of Israel this day give me a man and let us fight together. When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were discouraged and greatly afraid. And this David was the son of an Ephrathite of Bethlehem Juda, named Isai, which Isai had eight sons. And was an old man in the days of Saul among the people. And the three eldest sons of Isai went and followed Saul to battle. And the names of his three sons that went to battle were: Eliab the eldest, and the next to him Abinadab, and the third Samah, and David was the youngest. And when the three eldest were gone after Saul, David went and departed from Saul, to feed his fathers sheep at Bethlehem. And the Philistine came forth every morning and evening, and continued forty days.
      And Isai said unto David his son: take for thy brethren this Epha of parched corn, and these ten loaves, and run to the host, to thy brethren. And carry these ten fresh cheeses unto the captain, and look how thy brethren fare, and set out their pledges. And Saul and they and all the men of Israel were in oak valley fighting with the Philistines. And David rose up early in the morning and left the sheep with a keeper, and took and went, as Isai had commanded him, and came where the host lay. And the host was going out in array, and shouted in the battle: for Israel and the Philistines had put themselves in array, the one against the other. Then David put the pannier from him, unto the hands of the keeper of the vessels, and ran into the host and came and saluted his brethren. And as he talked with them: Behold, there stood a man in the midst, Goliath the Philistine by name, of Geth, which came out of the Array of the Philistines, and spake of the manner above rehearsed, that David heard it. And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, ran away from him, and were sore afraid. And every man of Israel said: See ye this man that is come forth, even to revile Israel is he come. And to him that beateth him will the king give great riches, and will give him his daughter thereto: yea and make his fathers house free in Israel.
      Then spake David to the men that stood by and said: What shall be done to the man that beateth this Philistine and taketh away the shame from Israel? for what is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should revile the host of the living God? And the people answered as it is rehearsed saying: so shall it be done to the man that beateth him. And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the man and was angry with David and said: Why camest thou away, and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride and the malice of thine heart, that thou art come to see the battle. And David answered, what have I now done? is there any more save a word? And departed from by him into another front, and spake of the same manner, and the people answered him again, as before.
      And they that heard the words which David spake, rehearsed them before Saul, which caused him to be fetched. And David said to Saul: Let no mans heart fail him because of him. Thy servant will go and fight with his Philistine. And Saul said to David again, thou art not able to go unto this Philistine, to fight with him. For thou art but a lad, and he hath been a man of war even from his youth. Then said David unto Saul, as thy servant kept his fathers sheep, there came a Lion and likewise a Bear, and took a sheep out of the flock. And I went out after him and smote him, and took it out of his mouth. And when he arose against me, I caught him by the beard and smote him and slew him. For both a Lion and also a Bear hath thy servant slain. And this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, for his railing on the host of the living God. And David spake moreover, the Lord that delivered me out of the hands of the Lion and out of the hands of the Bear, he shall deliver me also out of the hands of the Philistine.
      Then said Saul to David go, and the Lord be with thee. And Saul put his raiment upon David, and put an helmet of brass upon his head, and put a coat of mail upon him, and girt David with his own sword upon his raiment. And he assayed to go, for he never proved it. Then said David unto Saul: I cannot go in these, for I have not been used thereto, and put them off him and took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of a brook and put them in a shepherds bag which he had, and in a poke, and his sling in his hand, and went to the Philistine.
       And the Philistine came and drew near to David, with the man that bare a shield before him. And when the Philistine looked and saw David: he disdained him, for he was but a lad, ruddy and goodly to look upon. And the Philistine said unto David: am I a dog, that thou comest to me with a staff? and he cursed David in the name of his Gods. And he said to David: come to me and I will give thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field. Then said David to the Philistine thou comest to me with a sword a spear and a shield: But I come to thee in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the host of Israel whom thou hast railed upon. This day shall the Lord deliver thee into my hand, and I shall smite thee and take thine head from thee, and will give the carcasses of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air and to the beasts of the earth, and all the world shall know, that there is a God in Israel. And all this congregation shall know, that the Lord saveth not with the sword and spear. For the battle is the Lords, and he shall give you into our hands.
      And when the Philistine arose and came and drew nigh unto David: David hasted and ran in array even against the Philistine. And David put his hand in his poke and took out a stone and slung it, and smote the Philistine in his forehead that the stone sunk into his forehead, and he fell grovelling to the earth. And so David overcame the Philistine with a sling and a stone, and smote the Philistine and slew him. And because David had no sword in his hand, he ran and stood upon the Philistine, and took his sword and drew it out of his sheath and slew him and cut off his head therewith. And when the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled. And the men of Israel and of Juda arose and shouted and followed after the Philistines, until they came to the valley and unto the gates of Akaron. And the Philistines fell down dead by the way, even unto Geth and Akaron. And then the children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines and robbed their tents. And David took the head of the Philistine and brought it to Jerusalem: But he put his armor in his tent. When Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto Abner the captain of his host, Abner, whose son is this lad? And Abner answered, as truly as thy soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell. Then said the king: Enquire thou, whose son the youngling is. And so when David was returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him and brought him before Saul, with the head of the Philistine in his hand. And Saul said to him: whose son art thou, thou lad? And David answered the son of thy servant Isai the Bethlehemite.


*handbreadth long, (just over 9') *Cickle or sickle (5000= nearly 160 lbs, six hundred *sickles (nearly 20 lbs.) : "modern" Hebrew scale of measurement : shekel = about 1/2 oz it is nevertheless possible that ancient measurements were based on "giants" and their physical stature, for gaints ruled the land as it is recorded; making then these sizes and weights much larger.


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